Structural based insights into the role of troponin in cardiac muscle pathophysiology

Monica X. Li, Xu Wang, Brian D. Sykes

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

110 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Troponin is a molecular switch, directly regulating the Ca 2+-dependent activation of myofilament in striated muscle contraction. Cardiac troponin is subject to covalent and noncovalent modifications; phosphorylation modulates myofilament physiology, mutations are linked to familial hypertrophic cardiomyopathy, intracellular acidification causes myocardial infarction, and cardiotonic drugs modify myofilament response to Ca2+. The structure of troponin provides insights into the mechanism of this molecular switch and an understanding of the effects of protein modification under pathophysiological conditions. Although the structure of troponin C has been solved in various Ca2+-bound states for some time, structural information on troponin I and troponin T has only emerged recently. This review summarizes recent advances on the structure of complexes of troponin subunits with the aim of assessing how these proteins interact with each other to execute its role as a molecular switch and how covalent and noncovalent modifications affect the structure of troponin and the switch mechanism. We focus on pinpointing the specific amino acid residues involved in phosphorylation and mutation and the pH sensitive regions in the structure of troponin. We also present recent structural work that have identified the docking sites of several cardiotonic drugs on cardiac troponin C and discuss their relevance in the direction of troponin based drug design in the therapy of heart disease.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)559-579
Number of pages21
JournalJournal of Muscle Research and Cell Motility
Volume25
Issue number7
DOIs
StatePublished - 2004
Externally publishedYes

Fingerprint

Troponin
Muscle
Myocardium
Myofibrils
Switches
Troponin C
Cardiotonic Agents
Phosphorylation
Familial Hypertrophic Cardiomyopathy
Troponin T
Mutation
Troponin I
Striated Muscle
Acidification
Drug Design
Physiology
Muscle Contraction
Heart Diseases
Proteins
Chemical activation

Keywords

  • Acidosis
  • Cardiotonic drugs
  • Familial hypertrophic cardiomyopathy
  • Myofilament
  • Phosphorylation
  • Striated muscle
  • Troponin

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Physiology
  • Clinical Biochemistry
  • Endocrinology
  • Cell Biology

Cite this

Structural based insights into the role of troponin in cardiac muscle pathophysiology. / Li, Monica X.; Wang, Xu; Sykes, Brian D.

In: Journal of Muscle Research and Cell Motility, Vol. 25, No. 7, 2004, p. 559-579.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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