Strain rate effect on the failure behavior of kevlar 49 fabric and single yarn

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference contribution

2 Scopus citations

Abstract

High strength woven fabrics are ideal materials for use in structural and aerospace systems where large deformations and high-energy absorption are required. Their high strength to weight ratio and ability to resist high-speed impacts enables them to be more efficient than metals in many applications, including ballistic armors, propulsion engine containment systems and fabric-reinforced composites. In order to facilitate the design and improvement of such applications, this study investigates the mechanical behavior of Kevlar 49 fabric and single yarn under quasi-static and dynamic tensile loadings. The experimental results show that the fabric exhibits non-linear in tension, and can deform up to 20% before complete failure under quasi-static loading. The fabric has identical Young's modulus in warp and fill directions, but has different crimp strain, tensile strength and ultimate strain. The sample size has little effect on the mechanical properties of the fabric. The dynamic tensile behaviors of the fabric and single yarn were investigated at strain rates from 25 to 170 s-1 by using a high rate servo-hydraulic testing machine. Results show that their dynamic material properties in terms of Young's modulus, tensile strength, maximum strain and toughness increase with increasing strain rate.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Title of host publication13th International Conference on Fracture 2013, ICF 2013
PublisherChinese Society of Theoretical and Applied Mechanics
Pages1517-1526
Number of pages10
Volume2
StatePublished - 2013
Event13th International Conference on Fracture 2013, ICF 2013 - Beijing, China
Duration: Jun 16 2013Jun 21 2013

Other

Other13th International Conference on Fracture 2013, ICF 2013
CountryChina
CityBeijing
Period6/16/136/21/13

Keywords

  • Dynamic
  • Fabrics
  • Kevlar 49
  • Strain rate

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Geotechnical Engineering and Engineering Geology

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  • Cite this

    Zhu, D., Mobasher, B., & Rajan, S. (2013). Strain rate effect on the failure behavior of kevlar 49 fabric and single yarn. In 13th International Conference on Fracture 2013, ICF 2013 (Vol. 2, pp. 1517-1526). Chinese Society of Theoretical and Applied Mechanics.