Stoichiometric and non-stoichiometric films in the Si-O-N system: Mechanical, electrical, and dielectric properties

L. Torrison, J. Tolle, John Kouvetakis, Sandwip Dey, D. Gu, I. S T Tsong, Peter Crozier

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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Abstract

A novel low-temperature (600-850 °C), chemical vapor deposition method, involving a simple reaction between disiloxane (H3Si-O-SiH3) and ammonia (NH3), is described to deposit stoichiometric, Si2N2O, and non-stoichiometric, SiOxNy, silicon oxynitride films (5-500 nm) on Si substrates. Note, the gaseous reactants are free from carbon and other undesirable contaminants. The deposition of Si2N2O on Si (with (1 0 0) orientation and a native oxide layer of 1 nm) was conducted at a pressure of 2 Torr and at extremely high rates of 20-30 nm min-1 with complete hydrogen elimination. The deposition rate of SiOxNy on highly-doped Si (with (1 1 1) orientation but without native oxide) at 10-6 Torr was ∼ 1.5 nm min-1, and achieved via the reaction of disiloxane with N atoms, generated by an RF source in an MBE chamber. The phase, composition and structure of the oxynitride films were characterized by a variety of analytical techniques. The hardness of Si2N2O, and the capacitance-voltage (C-V) as a function of frequency and leakage current density-voltage (JL-V) characteristics were determined on MOS (Al/Si2N2O/SiO/p-Si) structures. The hardness, frequency-dispersionless dielectric permittivity (K), and JL at 6 V for a 20 nm Si2N2O film were determined to be 18 GPa, 6 and 0.05-0.1 nA cm-2, respectively.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)54-58
Number of pages5
JournalMaterials Science and Engineering B: Solid-State Materials for Advanced Technology
Volume97
Issue number1
DOIs
StatePublished - Jan 15 2003

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Keywords

  • Chemical vapor deposition
  • Disiloxane
  • Silicon oxynitride

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Materials Science(all)
  • Condensed Matter Physics
  • Mechanics of Materials
  • Mechanical Engineering

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