STI/HIV risks for Mexican migrant laborers: Exploratory ethnographies

Yorghos Apostolopoulos, Sevil Sonmez, Jennie Kronenfeld, Ellis Castillo, Lucia McLendon, Donna Smith

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

85 Scopus citations

Abstract

The influx of Latino laborers into the U.S. and the confluence of migration-driven factors in an environment ripe for risk-taking have the potential to exacerbate already rising STI/HIV rates among migrants and their social networks at both the home and receiving regions. This paper focuses on Mexican migrant laborers who are among the most marginalized and exploited Latinos in the U.S. This study used ethnographic methods to delineate the sociocultural and spatial contexts and social organization of migrant farmwork, and examined how intertwined individual and environmental factors render migrant farmworkers vulnerable to STI/HIV risks. Findings indicate the presence of a number of factors in the study population of Mexican migrant workers (N = 23) - such as poverty, limited education, physical/social/cultural isolation, long work hours, constant mobility, hazardous work conditions, limited access to health care, low rates of condom use, multipartnering, and use of sexworkers - which increase their risks for STI/HIV transmission. To be successful, prevention efforts need to focus not only on condom education and HIV awareness and testing, but also on reducing migrants' social isolation and understanding their social networks.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)291-292
Number of pages2
JournalJournal of Immigrant and Minority Health
Volume8
Issue number3
DOIs
StatePublished - Jul 2006

Keywords

  • Mexican migrants
  • Migrant farmworkers
  • STI/HIV risks

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Epidemiology
  • Public Health, Environmental and Occupational Health

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