Stardust material in the paired enstatite chondrites: SAH 97096 and SAH 97159

Maitrayee Bose, Xuchao Zhao, Christine Floss, Frank J. Stadermann, Yangting Lin

Research output: Contribution to journalConference article

1 Citation (Scopus)

Abstract

Stardust grains, more commonly referred to as presolar grains, are solid condensates of stars that are studied in terrestrial laboratories with a variety of analytical techniques. Here we report on submicrometer silicate, oxide and carbonaceous stardust grains identified in the paired enstatite chondrites SAH 97096 and SAH 97159. A majority of the grains with O isotopic anomalies exhibit 17O excesses and probably originated in the dusty envelopes of low-mass AGB or RG stars. One grain is highly 17Orich and has a normal Si isotopic composition; based on its O and Si isotopic composition, an origin in a nova is most likely. However, another scenario that may explain this grain's O isotopic composition is a binary star system consisting of an evolved or mainstream star accreting material from its nova companion. Elemental characterization of the O-anomalous grains shows the presence of eleven magnesian silicate grains with or without Fe and three Fe-oxide grains; none of the grains contain Ca or Al. Carbon-anomalous grains have 12C/ 13C ratios from 19-78; most are probably SiC. The abundances of the O- and C-anomalous grains are 98±34 and 51±13 ppm, respectively, which is much higher than previously observed in other enstatite chondrites, and close to that of some carbonaceous chondrites.

Original languageEnglish (US)
JournalProceedings of Science
StatePublished - Dec 1 2010
Externally publishedYes
Event11th Symposium on Nuclei in the Cosmos, NIC 2010 - Heidelberg, Germany
Duration: Jul 19 2010Jul 23 2010

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enstatite chondrite
isotopic composition
silicate
oxide
carbonaceous chondrite
condensate
analytical method
anomaly
carbon
material

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • General

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Stardust material in the paired enstatite chondrites : SAH 97096 and SAH 97159. / Bose, Maitrayee; Zhao, Xuchao; Floss, Christine; Stadermann, Frank J.; Lin, Yangting.

In: Proceedings of Science, 01.12.2010.

Research output: Contribution to journalConference article

Bose, Maitrayee ; Zhao, Xuchao ; Floss, Christine ; Stadermann, Frank J. ; Lin, Yangting. / Stardust material in the paired enstatite chondrites : SAH 97096 and SAH 97159. In: Proceedings of Science. 2010.
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