Star cluster formation and evolution in nearby starburst galaxies - I. Systematic uncertainties

R. De Grijs, U. Fritze-v Alvensleben, P. Anders, J. S. Gallagher, N. Bastian, V. A. Taylor, Rogier Windhorst

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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Abstract

The large majority of extragalactic star cluster studies performed to date have essentially used two- or three-passband aperture photometry, combined with theoretical stellar population synthesis models, to obtain age, mass and extinction estimates, and sometimes also metallicities. The accuracy to which this can be performed depends on the choice of (broad-band) passband combination and, crucially, also on the actual wavelengths and the wavelength range covered by the observations. Understanding the inherent systematic uncertainties (the main aim of this paper) is of the utmost importance for a well-balanced interpretation of the properties of extragalactic star cluster systems. We simultaneously obtain ages, metallicities and extinction values for ∼300 clusters in the nearby starburst galaxy NGC 3310, based on archival Hubble Space Telescope observations from the ultraviolet (UV) to the near-infrared (NIR). We show that for ages 6 ≲ log(age yr-1) ≲ 9, and if one can only obtain partial coverage of the spectral energy distribution (SED), an optical passband combination of at least four filters including both blue and red passbands results in the most representative age distribution, as compared with the better constrained ages obtained from the full UV-NIR SED coverage. We find that while blue-selected passband combinations lead to age distributions that are slightly biased towards lower ages due to the well-known age-metallicity degeneracy, red-dominated passband combinations should be avoided. NGC 3310 underwent a (possibly extended) global burst of cluster formation ∼3 × 107 yr ago. This coincides closely with the last tidal interaction or merger with a low-metallicity galaxy that probably induced the formation of the large fraction of clusters with (significantly) subsolar metallicities. The logarithmic slope of the V-band cluster luminosity function, for clusters in the range 17.7 ≲ F606W ≲ 20.2 mag, is αF606W ≃ -1.8 ± 0.4. The observed cluster system has a median mass of 〈log(m/M)〉 ≃ 5.25 ± 0.1, obtained from scaling the appropriate model SEDs for known masses to the observed cluster SEDs.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)259-273
Number of pages15
JournalMonthly Notices of the Royal Astronomical Society
Volume342
Issue number1
DOIs
StatePublished - Jun 11 2003

Fingerprint

starburst galaxies
star clusters
metallicity
spectral energy distribution
age structure
near infrared
extinction
wavelength
extremely high frequencies
Hubble Space Telescope
wavelengths
merger
photometry
energy
bursts
apertures
luminosity
slopes
galaxies
broadband

Keywords

  • Galaxies: Evolution
  • Galaxies: Individual: Ngc 3310
  • Galaxies: Interactions
  • Galaxies: Star clusters
  • Galaxies: Starburst
  • H ii regions

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Space and Planetary Science

Cite this

Star cluster formation and evolution in nearby starburst galaxies - I. Systematic uncertainties. / De Grijs, R.; Fritze-v Alvensleben, U.; Anders, P.; Gallagher, J. S.; Bastian, N.; Taylor, V. A.; Windhorst, Rogier.

In: Monthly Notices of the Royal Astronomical Society, Vol. 342, No. 1, 11.06.2003, p. 259-273.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

De Grijs, R. ; Fritze-v Alvensleben, U. ; Anders, P. ; Gallagher, J. S. ; Bastian, N. ; Taylor, V. A. ; Windhorst, Rogier. / Star cluster formation and evolution in nearby starburst galaxies - I. Systematic uncertainties. In: Monthly Notices of the Royal Astronomical Society. 2003 ; Vol. 342, No. 1. pp. 259-273.
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AU - Bastian, N.

AU - Taylor, V. A.

AU - Windhorst, Rogier

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N2 - The large majority of extragalactic star cluster studies performed to date have essentially used two- or three-passband aperture photometry, combined with theoretical stellar population synthesis models, to obtain age, mass and extinction estimates, and sometimes also metallicities. The accuracy to which this can be performed depends on the choice of (broad-band) passband combination and, crucially, also on the actual wavelengths and the wavelength range covered by the observations. Understanding the inherent systematic uncertainties (the main aim of this paper) is of the utmost importance for a well-balanced interpretation of the properties of extragalactic star cluster systems. We simultaneously obtain ages, metallicities and extinction values for ∼300 clusters in the nearby starburst galaxy NGC 3310, based on archival Hubble Space Telescope observations from the ultraviolet (UV) to the near-infrared (NIR). We show that for ages 6 ≲ log(age yr-1) ≲ 9, and if one can only obtain partial coverage of the spectral energy distribution (SED), an optical passband combination of at least four filters including both blue and red passbands results in the most representative age distribution, as compared with the better constrained ages obtained from the full UV-NIR SED coverage. We find that while blue-selected passband combinations lead to age distributions that are slightly biased towards lower ages due to the well-known age-metallicity degeneracy, red-dominated passband combinations should be avoided. NGC 3310 underwent a (possibly extended) global burst of cluster formation ∼3 × 107 yr ago. This coincides closely with the last tidal interaction or merger with a low-metallicity galaxy that probably induced the formation of the large fraction of clusters with (significantly) subsolar metallicities. The logarithmic slope of the V-band cluster luminosity function, for clusters in the range 17.7 ≲ F606W ≲ 20.2 mag, is αF606W ≃ -1.8 ± 0.4. The observed cluster system has a median mass of 〈log(m/M⊙)〉 ≃ 5.25 ± 0.1, obtained from scaling the appropriate model SEDs for known masses to the observed cluster SEDs.

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KW - H ii regions

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