Standards of Evidence for Efficacy, Effectiveness, and Scale-up Research in Prevention Science: Next Generation

Denise C. Gottfredson, Thomas D. Cook, Frances E M Gardner, Deborah Gorman-Smith, George W. Howe, Irwin Sandler, Kathryn M. Zafft

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

298 Scopus citations

Abstract

A decade ago, the Society of Prevention Research (SPR) endorsed a set of standards for evidence related to research on prevention interventions. These standards (Flay et al., Prevention Science 6:151–175, 2005) were intended in part to increase consistency in reviews of prevention research that often generated disparate lists of effective interventions due to the application of different standards for what was considered to be necessary to demonstrate effectiveness. In 2013, SPR’s Board of Directors decided that the field has progressed sufficiently to warrant a review and, if necessary, publication of “the next generation” of standards of evidence. The Board convened a committee to review and update the standards. This article reports on the results of this committee’s deliberations, summarizing changes made to the earlier standards and explaining the rationale for each change. The SPR Board of Directors endorses “The Standards of Evidence for Efficacy, Effectiveness, and Scale-up Research in Prevention Science: Next Generation.”

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)893-926
Number of pages34
JournalPrevention Science
Volume16
Issue number7
DOIs
StatePublished - Oct 29 2015

Keywords

  • Policy
  • Standards of evidence

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Public Health, Environmental and Occupational Health

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