Stages of change, processes of change, and social support for exercise and weight gain in postpartum women

Colleen Keller, Janet Allan, Mindy B. Tinkle

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

32 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Objectives: To test the extent to which social support and variables included in the Transtheoretical Model were explanatory for exercise initiation and weight maintenance in postpartum women. Design: A cross-sectional descriptive design. Setting: Data were collected in the participant's homes. Participants: Postpartum women who had normal pregnancies were interviewed and measured on body fat, physical activity, and psychosocial scales. Main Outcome measure: (a) Stages of exercise change measure, (b) Seven Day Recall, (c) Friend and Family Support for Exercise Scale, (d) Processes of Change Questionnaire, and (e) body fat measures including body mass index and percent body fat. Results: Forty percent reported engaging in vigorous activity less than 1 hour daily, 55% walked less than four city blocks daily, and 52% engaged in less than 2 hours of vigorous weekend activity. Multilinear regression showed that the processes of change contributed 36% to the body mass index, and 21% of the variance in waist-thigh ratio. Of the processes of change, environmental reevaluation correlated significantly with body mass index. Conclusion: The impact of a woman's weight on others as well as information concerning the health effects of obesity and physical activity could enhance the initiation of exercise in the postpartum woman.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)232-240
Number of pages9
JournalJOGNN - Journal of Obstetric, Gynecologic, and Neonatal Nursing
Volume35
Issue number2
DOIs
StatePublished - Mar 2006

Fingerprint

Social Support
Postpartum Period
Weight Gain
Exercise
Adipose Tissue
Body Mass Index
Body Weights and Measures
Weights and Measures
Thigh
Obesity
Maintenance
Outcome Assessment (Health Care)
Pregnancy
Health

Keywords

  • Exercise
  • Physical Activity
  • Postpartum Weight
  • Social support

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Obstetrics and Gynecology
  • Pediatrics, Perinatology, and Child Health
  • Medicine(all)

Cite this

Stages of change, processes of change, and social support for exercise and weight gain in postpartum women. / Keller, Colleen; Allan, Janet; Tinkle, Mindy B.

In: JOGNN - Journal of Obstetric, Gynecologic, and Neonatal Nursing, Vol. 35, No. 2, 03.2006, p. 232-240.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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