Staff's perceptions of the use of evidence-based physical activity promotion strategies for promoting girls' physical activity at afterschool programs: A qualitative study

Danae Dinkel, Jennifer Huberty, Michael Beets, Melissa Tibbits

    Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

    3 Citations (Scopus)

    Abstract

    There is a need to improve girls' physical activity (PA) in afterschool programs as girls' PA levels are consistently lower than boys'. An evidence-based professional development framework, the 5 Ms, has been effective in helping staff to improve PA in both girls and boys but further improvements in girls' PA are needed. Little is known about staff's perceptions of using PA promotion strategies to promote girls' PA. Therefore, the purpose of this study was to explore staff perceptions of the use of evidence-based PA promotion strategies for promoting PA in girls. Semi-structured interviews were conducted with staff from three community-based afterschool programs located within a school setting (n= 18). Data were analyzed using the process of immersion/crystallization. A majority of staff had some knowledge of PA promotion strategies but few staff consistently utilized these strategies and a majority felt several strategies were unnecessary (i.e., having a PA policy). Newer staff reported depending on senior staff to promote PA in girls. Overall, findings suggest that staff's perceptions may impact their use of PA promotions strategies. The results of this study will contribute to the enhancement of an existing staff training framework (the 5 Ms) to improve girls' PA in afterschool programs.

    Original languageEnglish (US)
    Pages (from-to)102-109
    Number of pages8
    JournalEvaluation and Program Planning
    Volume45
    DOIs
    StatePublished - 2014

    Fingerprint

    physical activity
    promotion
    Exercise
    staff
    evidence
    programme
    Staff
    Qualitative study
    Physical activity
    Evidence-based
    Immersion
    Crystallization
    crystallization

    Keywords

    • Afterschool programs
    • Girls
    • Physical activity
    • Program planning
    • Staff training

    ASJC Scopus subject areas

    • Business and International Management
    • Strategy and Management
    • Public Health, Environmental and Occupational Health
    • Social Psychology
    • Geography, Planning and Development
    • Medicine(all)

    Cite this

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    abstract = "There is a need to improve girls' physical activity (PA) in afterschool programs as girls' PA levels are consistently lower than boys'. An evidence-based professional development framework, the 5 Ms, has been effective in helping staff to improve PA in both girls and boys but further improvements in girls' PA are needed. Little is known about staff's perceptions of using PA promotion strategies to promote girls' PA. Therefore, the purpose of this study was to explore staff perceptions of the use of evidence-based PA promotion strategies for promoting PA in girls. Semi-structured interviews were conducted with staff from three community-based afterschool programs located within a school setting (n= 18). Data were analyzed using the process of immersion/crystallization. A majority of staff had some knowledge of PA promotion strategies but few staff consistently utilized these strategies and a majority felt several strategies were unnecessary (i.e., having a PA policy). Newer staff reported depending on senior staff to promote PA in girls. Overall, findings suggest that staff's perceptions may impact their use of PA promotions strategies. The results of this study will contribute to the enhancement of an existing staff training framework (the 5 Ms) to improve girls' PA in afterschool programs.",
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