It is shown that for a dissipative, three dimensional, competitive, and irreducible system of ordinary differential equations having a unique equilibrium point, at which point the Jacobian matrix has negative determinant, either the equilibrium point is stable or there exists an orbitally stable periodic orbit. If in addition, the system is analytic then there exists an orbitally asymptotically stable periodic orbit when the equilibrium is unstable. The additional assumption of analyticity can be replaced by the assumption that the equilibrium point and every periodic orbit are hyperbolic. In this case, the Morse-Smale conditions hold and the flow is structurally stable.
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Applied Mathematics