Spiritual histories and Native Americans: A mixed method validation study

David Hodge, Gordon E. Limb

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

11 Scopus citations


Although spirituality plays a central role in health and wellness for many Native Americans, surprisingly few spiritual assessment tools have been validated with this population. This mixed-method study modifies an existing spiritual assessment toolspiritual historiesthat may be particularly congruent with Native American culture. Using a sample of recognized experts in Native culture (N = 50), the study identifies: (a) the degree of cultural consistency, strengths, and limitations of the tool, conceptually, and (b) a culturally valid question protocol to operationalize the concept for use with Native clients. The findings are discussed in light of recent accrediting requirements mandating the administration of spiritual assessments in numerous settings and suggestions are provided to administer the assessment in a culturally competent manner.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)285-296
Number of pages12
JournalJournal of Social Service Research
Issue number4
StatePublished - Oct 1 2009


  • American Indians
  • Assessment
  • Native Americans
  • Spiritual history
  • Spirituality

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Social Sciences (miscellaneous)
  • Sociology and Political Science


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