Spin-neurons: A possible path to energy-efficient neuromorphic computers

Mrigank Sharad, Deliang Fan, Kaushik Roy

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

41 Scopus citations

Abstract

Recent years have witnessed growing interest in the field of brain-inspired computing based on neural-network architectures. In order to translate the related algorithmic models into powerful, yet energy-efficient cognitive-computing hardware, computing-devices beyond CMOS may need to be explored. The suitability of such devices to this field of computing would strongly depend upon how closely their physical characteristics match with the essential computing primitives employed in such models. In this work, we discuss the rationale of applying emerging spin-torque devices for bio-inspired computing. Recent spin-torque experiments have shown the path to low-current, low-voltage, and high-speed magnetization switching in nano-scale magnetic devices. Such magneto-metallic, current-mode spin-torque switches can mimic the analog summing and "thresholding" operation of an artificial neuron with high energy-efficiency. Comparison with CMOS-based analog circuit-model of a neuron shows that "spin-neurons" (spin based circuit model of neurons) can achieve more than two orders of magnitude lower energy and beyond three orders of magnitude reduction in energy-delay product. The application of spin-neurons can therefore be an attractive option for neuromorphic computers of future.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Article number234906
JournalJournal of Applied Physics
Volume114
Issue number23
DOIs
StatePublished - Dec 21 2013
Externally publishedYes

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Physics and Astronomy(all)

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