SPHEREx: An all-sky NIR spectral survey

Phillip M. Korngut, James J. Bock, Rachel Akeson, Matthew Ashby, Lindsey Bleem, Justin Boland, Douglas Bolton, Samuel Bradford, David Braun, Sean Bryan, Peter Capak, Tzu Ching Chang, Andrew Coffey, Asantha Cooray, Brendan Crill, Olivier Doré, Tim Eifler, Chang Feng, Salman Habib, Katrin HeitmannShoubaneh Hemmati, Christopher Hirata, Woong Seob Jeong, Minjin Kim, Davy Kirkpatrick, Theresa Kowalkowski, Elisabeth Krause, Carey Lisse, Philip Mauskopf, Daniel Masters, James McGuire, Gary Melnick, Hein Nguyen, Hooshang Nayyeri, Karin Oberg, Roland Deputter, William Purcell, Jennifer Rocca, Marcus Runyan, Karin Sandstrom, Roger Smith, Yong Seon Song, Nathaniel Stickley, Jeremy Stober, Sara Susca, Harry Teplitz, Volker Tolls, Stephen Unwin, Michael Werner, Rogier Windhorst, Michael Zemcov

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference contribution

2 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

SPHEREx, a mission in NASA's Medium Explorer (MIDEX) program recently selected for Phase-A implementation, is an all-sky survey satellite that will produce a near-infrared spectrum for every 6 arcsecond pixel on the sky. SPHEREx has a simple, high-heritage design with large optical throughput to maximize spectral mapping speed. While the legacy data products will provide a rich archive of spectra for the entire astronomical community to mine, the instrument is optimized for three specific scientific goals: to probe inflation through the imprint primordial non-Gaussianity left on today's large-scale cosmological structure; to survey the Galactic plane for water and other biogenic ices through absorption line studies; and to constrain the history of galaxy formation through power spectra of background fluctuations as measured in deep regions near the ecliptic poles. The aluminum telescope consists of a heavily baffled, wide-field off-axis reflective triplet design. The focal plane is imaged simultaneously by two mosaics of H2RG detector arrays separated by a dichroic beamsplitter. SPHEREx assembles spectra through the use of mass and volume efficient linear variable filters (LVFs) included in the focal plane assemblies, eliminating the need for any dispersive or moving elements. Instead, spectra are constructed through a series of small steps in the spacecraft attitude across the sky, modulating the location of an object within the FOV and varying the observation wavelength in each exposure. The spectra will cover the wavelength range between 0.75 and 5.0 μm at spectral resolutions ranging between R=35 and R=130. The entire telescope is cooled passively by a series of three V-groove radiators below 80K. An additional stage of radiative cooling is included to reduce the long wavelength focal plane temperature below 60K, controlling the dark current. As a whole, SPHEREx requires no new technologies and carries large technical and resource margins on every aspect of the design.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Title of host publicationSpace Telescopes and Instrumentation 2018
Subtitle of host publicationOptical, Infrared, and Millimeter Wave
EditorsGiovanni G. Fazio, Howard A. MacEwen, Makenzie Lystrup
PublisherSPIE
Volume10698
ISBN (Print)9781510619494
DOIs
StatePublished - Jan 1 2018
EventSpace Telescopes and Instrumentation 2018: Optical, Infrared, and Millimeter Wave - Austin, United States
Duration: Jun 10 2018Jun 15 2018

Other

OtherSpace Telescopes and Instrumentation 2018: Optical, Infrared, and Millimeter Wave
CountryUnited States
CityAustin
Period6/10/186/15/18

Fingerprint

sky
Telescopes
Wavelength
Focal Plane
Galaxies
Dark currents
Spectral resolution
Ice
wavelengths
Radiators
telescopes
Telescope
Power spectrum
Aluminum
Ecliptic
V grooves
data products
ecliptic
NASA
Spacecraft

Keywords

  • All Sky survey
  • Biogenic ices
  • Cosmology
  • Extragalactic background light
  • Linear variable filters
  • Near infrared

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Electronic, Optical and Magnetic Materials
  • Condensed Matter Physics
  • Computer Science Applications
  • Applied Mathematics
  • Electrical and Electronic Engineering

Cite this

Korngut, P. M., Bock, J. J., Akeson, R., Ashby, M., Bleem, L., Boland, J., ... Zemcov, M. (2018). SPHEREx: An all-sky NIR spectral survey. In G. G. Fazio, H. A. MacEwen, & M. Lystrup (Eds.), Space Telescopes and Instrumentation 2018: Optical, Infrared, and Millimeter Wave (Vol. 10698). [106981U] SPIE. https://doi.org/10.1117/12.2312860

SPHEREx : An all-sky NIR spectral survey. / Korngut, Phillip M.; Bock, James J.; Akeson, Rachel; Ashby, Matthew; Bleem, Lindsey; Boland, Justin; Bolton, Douglas; Bradford, Samuel; Braun, David; Bryan, Sean; Capak, Peter; Chang, Tzu Ching; Coffey, Andrew; Cooray, Asantha; Crill, Brendan; Doré, Olivier; Eifler, Tim; Feng, Chang; Habib, Salman; Heitmann, Katrin; Hemmati, Shoubaneh; Hirata, Christopher; Jeong, Woong Seob; Kim, Minjin; Kirkpatrick, Davy; Kowalkowski, Theresa; Krause, Elisabeth; Lisse, Carey; Mauskopf, Philip; Masters, Daniel; McGuire, James; Melnick, Gary; Nguyen, Hein; Nayyeri, Hooshang; Oberg, Karin; Deputter, Roland; Purcell, William; Rocca, Jennifer; Runyan, Marcus; Sandstrom, Karin; Smith, Roger; Song, Yong Seon; Stickley, Nathaniel; Stober, Jeremy; Susca, Sara; Teplitz, Harry; Tolls, Volker; Unwin, Stephen; Werner, Michael; Windhorst, Rogier; Zemcov, Michael.

Space Telescopes and Instrumentation 2018: Optical, Infrared, and Millimeter Wave. ed. / Giovanni G. Fazio; Howard A. MacEwen; Makenzie Lystrup. Vol. 10698 SPIE, 2018. 106981U.

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference contribution

Korngut, PM, Bock, JJ, Akeson, R, Ashby, M, Bleem, L, Boland, J, Bolton, D, Bradford, S, Braun, D, Bryan, S, Capak, P, Chang, TC, Coffey, A, Cooray, A, Crill, B, Doré, O, Eifler, T, Feng, C, Habib, S, Heitmann, K, Hemmati, S, Hirata, C, Jeong, WS, Kim, M, Kirkpatrick, D, Kowalkowski, T, Krause, E, Lisse, C, Mauskopf, P, Masters, D, McGuire, J, Melnick, G, Nguyen, H, Nayyeri, H, Oberg, K, Deputter, R, Purcell, W, Rocca, J, Runyan, M, Sandstrom, K, Smith, R, Song, YS, Stickley, N, Stober, J, Susca, S, Teplitz, H, Tolls, V, Unwin, S, Werner, M, Windhorst, R & Zemcov, M 2018, SPHEREx: An all-sky NIR spectral survey. in GG Fazio, HA MacEwen & M Lystrup (eds), Space Telescopes and Instrumentation 2018: Optical, Infrared, and Millimeter Wave. vol. 10698, 106981U, SPIE, Space Telescopes and Instrumentation 2018: Optical, Infrared, and Millimeter Wave, Austin, United States, 6/10/18. https://doi.org/10.1117/12.2312860
Korngut PM, Bock JJ, Akeson R, Ashby M, Bleem L, Boland J et al. SPHEREx: An all-sky NIR spectral survey. In Fazio GG, MacEwen HA, Lystrup M, editors, Space Telescopes and Instrumentation 2018: Optical, Infrared, and Millimeter Wave. Vol. 10698. SPIE. 2018. 106981U https://doi.org/10.1117/12.2312860
Korngut, Phillip M. ; Bock, James J. ; Akeson, Rachel ; Ashby, Matthew ; Bleem, Lindsey ; Boland, Justin ; Bolton, Douglas ; Bradford, Samuel ; Braun, David ; Bryan, Sean ; Capak, Peter ; Chang, Tzu Ching ; Coffey, Andrew ; Cooray, Asantha ; Crill, Brendan ; Doré, Olivier ; Eifler, Tim ; Feng, Chang ; Habib, Salman ; Heitmann, Katrin ; Hemmati, Shoubaneh ; Hirata, Christopher ; Jeong, Woong Seob ; Kim, Minjin ; Kirkpatrick, Davy ; Kowalkowski, Theresa ; Krause, Elisabeth ; Lisse, Carey ; Mauskopf, Philip ; Masters, Daniel ; McGuire, James ; Melnick, Gary ; Nguyen, Hein ; Nayyeri, Hooshang ; Oberg, Karin ; Deputter, Roland ; Purcell, William ; Rocca, Jennifer ; Runyan, Marcus ; Sandstrom, Karin ; Smith, Roger ; Song, Yong Seon ; Stickley, Nathaniel ; Stober, Jeremy ; Susca, Sara ; Teplitz, Harry ; Tolls, Volker ; Unwin, Stephen ; Werner, Michael ; Windhorst, Rogier ; Zemcov, Michael. / SPHEREx : An all-sky NIR spectral survey. Space Telescopes and Instrumentation 2018: Optical, Infrared, and Millimeter Wave. editor / Giovanni G. Fazio ; Howard A. MacEwen ; Makenzie Lystrup. Vol. 10698 SPIE, 2018.
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