Spectral characterization of analog samples in anticipation of OSIRIS-REx's arrival at Bennu

A blind test study

K. L. Donaldson Hanna, Devin Schrader, E. A. Cloutis, G. D. Cody, A. J. King, T. J. McCoy, D. M. Applin, J. P. Mann, N. E. Bowles, J. R. Brucato, H. C. Connolly, E. Dotto, L. P. Keller, L. F. Lim, B. E. Clark, V. E. Hamilton, C. Lantz, D. S. Lauretta, S. S. Russell, P. F. Schofield

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

4 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

We present spectral measurements of a suite of mineral mixtures and meteorites that are possible analogs for asteroid (101955) Bennu, the target asteroid for NASA's Origins, Spectral Interpretation, Resource Identification, Security, Regolith Explorer (OSIRIS-REx) mission. The sample suite, which includes anhydrous and hydrated mineral mixtures and a suite of chondritic meteorites (CM, CI, CV, CR, and L5), was chosen to characterize the spectral effects due to varying amounts of aqueous alteration and minor amounts of organic material. Our results demonstrate the utility of mineral mixtures for understanding the mixing behavior of meteoritic materials and identifying spectrally dominant species across the visible to near-infrared (VNIR) and thermal infrared (TIR) spectral ranges. Our measurements demonstrate that, even with subtle signatures in the spectra of chondritic meteorites, we can identify diagnostic features related to the minerals comprising each of the samples. Also, the complementary nature of the two spectral ranges regarding their ability to detect different mixture and meteorite components can be used to characterize analog sample compositions better. However, we observe differences in the VNIR and TIR spectra between the mineral mixtures and the meteorites. These differences likely result from (1) differences in the types and physical disposition of constituents in the mixtures versus in meteorites, (2) missing phases observed in meteorites that we did not add to the mixtures, and (3) albedo differences among the samples. In addition to the initial characterization of the analog samples, we will use these spectral measurements to test phase detection and abundance determination algorithms in anticipation of mapping Bennu's surface properties and selecting a sampling site.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)701-723
Number of pages23
JournalIcarus
Volume319
DOIs
StatePublished - Feb 1 2019
Externally publishedYes

Fingerprint

OSIRIS
meteorites
meteorite
arrivals
analogs
minerals
mineral
asteroids
asteroid
near infrared
regolith
organic materials
test
albedo
surface properties
resources
infrared spectra
sampling
signatures
resource

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Astronomy and Astrophysics
  • Space and Planetary Science

Cite this

Donaldson Hanna, K. L., Schrader, D., Cloutis, E. A., Cody, G. D., King, A. J., McCoy, T. J., ... Schofield, P. F. (2019). Spectral characterization of analog samples in anticipation of OSIRIS-REx's arrival at Bennu: A blind test study. Icarus, 319, 701-723. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.icarus.2018.10.018

Spectral characterization of analog samples in anticipation of OSIRIS-REx's arrival at Bennu : A blind test study. / Donaldson Hanna, K. L.; Schrader, Devin; Cloutis, E. A.; Cody, G. D.; King, A. J.; McCoy, T. J.; Applin, D. M.; Mann, J. P.; Bowles, N. E.; Brucato, J. R.; Connolly, H. C.; Dotto, E.; Keller, L. P.; Lim, L. F.; Clark, B. E.; Hamilton, V. E.; Lantz, C.; Lauretta, D. S.; Russell, S. S.; Schofield, P. F.

In: Icarus, Vol. 319, 01.02.2019, p. 701-723.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Donaldson Hanna, KL, Schrader, D, Cloutis, EA, Cody, GD, King, AJ, McCoy, TJ, Applin, DM, Mann, JP, Bowles, NE, Brucato, JR, Connolly, HC, Dotto, E, Keller, LP, Lim, LF, Clark, BE, Hamilton, VE, Lantz, C, Lauretta, DS, Russell, SS & Schofield, PF 2019, 'Spectral characterization of analog samples in anticipation of OSIRIS-REx's arrival at Bennu: A blind test study', Icarus, vol. 319, pp. 701-723. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.icarus.2018.10.018
Donaldson Hanna, K. L. ; Schrader, Devin ; Cloutis, E. A. ; Cody, G. D. ; King, A. J. ; McCoy, T. J. ; Applin, D. M. ; Mann, J. P. ; Bowles, N. E. ; Brucato, J. R. ; Connolly, H. C. ; Dotto, E. ; Keller, L. P. ; Lim, L. F. ; Clark, B. E. ; Hamilton, V. E. ; Lantz, C. ; Lauretta, D. S. ; Russell, S. S. ; Schofield, P. F. / Spectral characterization of analog samples in anticipation of OSIRIS-REx's arrival at Bennu : A blind test study. In: Icarus. 2019 ; Vol. 319. pp. 701-723.
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AU - Cody, G. D.

AU - King, A. J.

AU - McCoy, T. J.

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AU - Lim, L. F.

AU - Clark, B. E.

AU - Hamilton, V. E.

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