Spectral analysis of lamellae evolution and constraining effects aided by nano-carbons: A coupled experimental and simulation study

Kenan Song, Yiying Zhang, Jiangsha Meng, Marilyn L. Minus

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

13 Scopus citations

Abstract

The effects of filler concentration on processing-structure-property relationships in polymer composites with low nano-carbon (nC) loadings (<1 wt%) have been investigated. Fibrillar structure was observed under scanning electron microscopy (SEM), and confirmed quantitatively by X-ray measurements. A one-dimensional correlation function analysis of small-angle X-ray scattering (SAXS) data is used to track development for both the crystalline and amorphous regions in lamellae of the polymer matrix as a function of filler concentration and drawing temperature. Analysis for the filled poly(vinyl alcohol) (PVA) fibers demonstrates that the presence of the carbon nanochips (CNC) influences the organization and formation of lamellae stacking, leading to variations in composite fiber grain structure. An increase in grains per unit fibril volume and higher degree of chain orientation along the fiber axis was observed for the composites as compared to the control samples. Based on the fibrillar and lamellae dimensions of final stage fibers, mechanical simulations by finite element method (FEM) approaches were conducted on polymeric fibrils. Compared with molecular dynamics (MD) results, higher polymer constraining effects were related to increase of nano-particle inclusions. This work demonstrates the significance of using spectroscopy analysis and coupled simulation methods to provide detail information regarding the property-structure relationship in nano-composite fibers.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Article number18052
Pages (from-to)187-198
Number of pages12
JournalPolymer
Volume75
DOIs
StatePublished - Aug 15 2015
Externally publishedYes

Keywords

  • Constraining effects
  • MD
  • Nano-composite fibers
  • Poly(vinyl alcohol)
  • Small-angle X-ray scattering

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Organic Chemistry
  • Polymers and Plastics
  • Materials Chemistry

Fingerprint

Dive into the research topics of 'Spectral analysis of lamellae evolution and constraining effects aided by nano-carbons: A coupled experimental and simulation study'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this