In pursuit of understanding of the paradoxical success of the Adam-Gibbs equation in both experiment and computer simulation studies, we examine the relation between liquid behavior at constant pressure and constant volume and compare the inherent structures excitation profiles for the two cases. This allows us to extend qualitatively the recent correlation of kinetic and thermodynamic measures of fragility to constant volume systems. The decreased fragility at constant volume is understood in terms of the relation Cp > Cc(cp) > Cc(cv) > Cv. In the process, we find a parallel between the range of volumes, relative to the total excess volume, that are explored in the first few orders of magnitude of relaxation time increase, and the range of amorphous state inherent structure energies, relative to the total range, that are explored in ergodic computer simulations, which also cover only this limited range of relaxation time change. The interesting question of whether or not fragile behavior is determined in the configurational or vibrational manifold of states is left unanswered in this work. However, the approximate proportionality of the configurational and total excess entropies that is needed to interpret the success of the Adam-Gibbs equation (which has been questioned by other authors) is confirmed within the needed limits, using data from three different types of investigation: experiments (on Se), simulation (of water in the SPC-E model), and analytical models of both defect crystals and configurationally excited liquids. Some consequences of the abrupt increases in vibrational heat capacity at Tg implied by this proportionality, are discussed.
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Electronic, Optical and Magnetic Materials
- Ceramics and Composites
- Condensed Matter Physics
- Materials Chemistry