Specific heats Cp, Cv, Cconf and energy landscapes of glassforming liquids

Charles Angell, S. Borick

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

87 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

In pursuit of understanding of the paradoxical success of the Adam-Gibbs equation in both experiment and computer simulation studies, we examine the relation between liquid behavior at constant pressure and constant volume and compare the inherent structures excitation profiles for the two cases. This allows us to extend qualitatively the recent correlation of kinetic and thermodynamic measures of fragility to constant volume systems. The decreased fragility at constant volume is understood in terms of the relation Cp > Cc(cp) > Cc(cv) > Cv. In the process, we find a parallel between the range of volumes, relative to the total excess volume, that are explored in the first few orders of magnitude of relaxation time increase, and the range of amorphous state inherent structure energies, relative to the total range, that are explored in ergodic computer simulations, which also cover only this limited range of relaxation time change. The interesting question of whether or not fragile behavior is determined in the configurational or vibrational manifold of states is left unanswered in this work. However, the approximate proportionality of the configurational and total excess entropies that is needed to interpret the success of the Adam-Gibbs equation (which has been questioned by other authors) is confirmed within the needed limits, using data from three different types of investigation: experiments (on Se), simulation (of water in the SPC-E model), and analytical models of both defect crystals and configurationally excited liquids. Some consequences of the abrupt increases in vibrational heat capacity at Tg implied by this proportionality, are discussed.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)393-406
Number of pages14
JournalJournal of Non-Crystalline Solids
Volume307-310
DOIs
StatePublished - Sep 2002

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Relaxation time
Specific heat
specific heat
Crystal defects
Computer simulation
Liquids
Gibbs equations
liquids
Analytical models
Entropy
Experiments
Thermodynamics
computerized simulation
relaxation time
Kinetics
energy
Water
crystal defects
simulation
entropy

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Ceramics and Composites
  • Electronic, Optical and Magnetic Materials

Cite this

Specific heats Cp, Cv, Cconf and energy landscapes of glassforming liquids. / Angell, Charles; Borick, S.

In: Journal of Non-Crystalline Solids, Vol. 307-310, 09.2002, p. 393-406.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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