Spatiotemporal pattern of urbanization in Shanghai, China between 1989 and 2005

Junxiang Li, Cheng Li, Feige Zhu, Conghe Song, Jianguo Wu

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

68 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Quantifying the spatiotemporal pattern of urbanization is necessary to understand urban morphology and its impacts on biodiversity and ecological processes, and thus can provide essential information for improving landscape and urban planning. Recent studies have suggested that, as cities evolve, certain general patterns emerge along the urban-rural gradient although individual cities always differ in details. To help better understand these generalities and idiosyncrasies in urbanization patterns, we analyzed the spatiotemporal dynamics of the Shanghai metropolitan area from 1989 to 2005, based on landscape metrics and remote sensing data. Specifically, the main objectives of our study were to quantitatively characterize the spatiotemporal patterns of urbanization in Shanghai in recent decades, identify possible spatial signatures of different land use types, and test the diffusion coalescence hypotheses of urban growth. We found that, similar to numerous cities around the world reported in previous studies, urbanization increased the diversity, fragmentation, and configurational complexity of the urban landscape of Shanghai. In the same time, however, the urban-rural patterns of several land use types in Shanghai seem unique-quite different from previously reported patterns. For most land use types, each showed a distinctive spatial pattern along a rural-urban transect, as indicated by landscape metrics. Furthermore, the urban expansion of Shanghai exhibited an outward wave-like pattern. Our results suggest that the urbanization of Shanghai followed a complex diffusion-coalescence pattern along the rural-urban transect and in time.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)1545-1565
Number of pages21
JournalLandscape Ecology
Volume28
Issue number8
DOIs
StatePublished - Oct 2013

Fingerprint

urbanization
China
land use
coalescence
transect
urban morphology
landscape planning
urban growth
urban planning
biodiversity
fragmentation
metropolitan area
agglomeration area
remote sensing
city
time

Keywords

  • Gradient analysis
  • Landscape metrics
  • Landscape pattern
  • Thematic resolution
  • Urban growth hypothesis
  • Urbanization

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Nature and Landscape Conservation
  • Ecology
  • Geography, Planning and Development

Cite this

Spatiotemporal pattern of urbanization in Shanghai, China between 1989 and 2005. / Li, Junxiang; Li, Cheng; Zhu, Feige; Song, Conghe; Wu, Jianguo.

In: Landscape Ecology, Vol. 28, No. 8, 10.2013, p. 1545-1565.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Li, Junxiang ; Li, Cheng ; Zhu, Feige ; Song, Conghe ; Wu, Jianguo. / Spatiotemporal pattern of urbanization in Shanghai, China between 1989 and 2005. In: Landscape Ecology. 2013 ; Vol. 28, No. 8. pp. 1545-1565.
@article{5d894bbfa9c941feb7923c745fa21a95,
title = "Spatiotemporal pattern of urbanization in Shanghai, China between 1989 and 2005",
abstract = "Quantifying the spatiotemporal pattern of urbanization is necessary to understand urban morphology and its impacts on biodiversity and ecological processes, and thus can provide essential information for improving landscape and urban planning. Recent studies have suggested that, as cities evolve, certain general patterns emerge along the urban-rural gradient although individual cities always differ in details. To help better understand these generalities and idiosyncrasies in urbanization patterns, we analyzed the spatiotemporal dynamics of the Shanghai metropolitan area from 1989 to 2005, based on landscape metrics and remote sensing data. Specifically, the main objectives of our study were to quantitatively characterize the spatiotemporal patterns of urbanization in Shanghai in recent decades, identify possible spatial signatures of different land use types, and test the diffusion coalescence hypotheses of urban growth. We found that, similar to numerous cities around the world reported in previous studies, urbanization increased the diversity, fragmentation, and configurational complexity of the urban landscape of Shanghai. In the same time, however, the urban-rural patterns of several land use types in Shanghai seem unique-quite different from previously reported patterns. For most land use types, each showed a distinctive spatial pattern along a rural-urban transect, as indicated by landscape metrics. Furthermore, the urban expansion of Shanghai exhibited an outward wave-like pattern. Our results suggest that the urbanization of Shanghai followed a complex diffusion-coalescence pattern along the rural-urban transect and in time.",
keywords = "Gradient analysis, Landscape metrics, Landscape pattern, Thematic resolution, Urban growth hypothesis, Urbanization",
author = "Junxiang Li and Cheng Li and Feige Zhu and Conghe Song and Jianguo Wu",
year = "2013",
month = "10",
doi = "10.1007/s10980-013-9901-1",
language = "English (US)",
volume = "28",
pages = "1545--1565",
journal = "Landscape Ecology",
issn = "0921-2973",
publisher = "Springer Netherlands",
number = "8",

}

TY - JOUR

T1 - Spatiotemporal pattern of urbanization in Shanghai, China between 1989 and 2005

AU - Li, Junxiang

AU - Li, Cheng

AU - Zhu, Feige

AU - Song, Conghe

AU - Wu, Jianguo

PY - 2013/10

Y1 - 2013/10

N2 - Quantifying the spatiotemporal pattern of urbanization is necessary to understand urban morphology and its impacts on biodiversity and ecological processes, and thus can provide essential information for improving landscape and urban planning. Recent studies have suggested that, as cities evolve, certain general patterns emerge along the urban-rural gradient although individual cities always differ in details. To help better understand these generalities and idiosyncrasies in urbanization patterns, we analyzed the spatiotemporal dynamics of the Shanghai metropolitan area from 1989 to 2005, based on landscape metrics and remote sensing data. Specifically, the main objectives of our study were to quantitatively characterize the spatiotemporal patterns of urbanization in Shanghai in recent decades, identify possible spatial signatures of different land use types, and test the diffusion coalescence hypotheses of urban growth. We found that, similar to numerous cities around the world reported in previous studies, urbanization increased the diversity, fragmentation, and configurational complexity of the urban landscape of Shanghai. In the same time, however, the urban-rural patterns of several land use types in Shanghai seem unique-quite different from previously reported patterns. For most land use types, each showed a distinctive spatial pattern along a rural-urban transect, as indicated by landscape metrics. Furthermore, the urban expansion of Shanghai exhibited an outward wave-like pattern. Our results suggest that the urbanization of Shanghai followed a complex diffusion-coalescence pattern along the rural-urban transect and in time.

AB - Quantifying the spatiotemporal pattern of urbanization is necessary to understand urban morphology and its impacts on biodiversity and ecological processes, and thus can provide essential information for improving landscape and urban planning. Recent studies have suggested that, as cities evolve, certain general patterns emerge along the urban-rural gradient although individual cities always differ in details. To help better understand these generalities and idiosyncrasies in urbanization patterns, we analyzed the spatiotemporal dynamics of the Shanghai metropolitan area from 1989 to 2005, based on landscape metrics and remote sensing data. Specifically, the main objectives of our study were to quantitatively characterize the spatiotemporal patterns of urbanization in Shanghai in recent decades, identify possible spatial signatures of different land use types, and test the diffusion coalescence hypotheses of urban growth. We found that, similar to numerous cities around the world reported in previous studies, urbanization increased the diversity, fragmentation, and configurational complexity of the urban landscape of Shanghai. In the same time, however, the urban-rural patterns of several land use types in Shanghai seem unique-quite different from previously reported patterns. For most land use types, each showed a distinctive spatial pattern along a rural-urban transect, as indicated by landscape metrics. Furthermore, the urban expansion of Shanghai exhibited an outward wave-like pattern. Our results suggest that the urbanization of Shanghai followed a complex diffusion-coalescence pattern along the rural-urban transect and in time.

KW - Gradient analysis

KW - Landscape metrics

KW - Landscape pattern

KW - Thematic resolution

KW - Urban growth hypothesis

KW - Urbanization

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/record.url?scp=84884814956&partnerID=8YFLogxK

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/citedby.url?scp=84884814956&partnerID=8YFLogxK

U2 - 10.1007/s10980-013-9901-1

DO - 10.1007/s10980-013-9901-1

M3 - Article

VL - 28

SP - 1545

EP - 1565

JO - Landscape Ecology

JF - Landscape Ecology

SN - 0921-2973

IS - 8

ER -