Spatially resolved analysis and minimization of resistive losses in high-efficiency Si solar cells

Pietro P. Altermatt, Gernot Heiser, Armin G. Aberle, Aihua Wang, Jianhua Zhao, Stephen J. Robinson, Stuart Bowden, Martin A. Green

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

72 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

This paper presents an improved method for measuring the total lumped series resistance (Rs) of high-efficiency solar cells. Since this method greatly minimizes the influence of non-linear recombination processes on the measured Rs values, it is possible to determine Rs as a function of external current density over a wide range of illumination levels with a significantly improved level of accuracy. This paper furthermore explains how resistive losses in the emitter, the base, the metal/silicon contacts and the front metal grid can be separately determined by combining measurements and multi-dimensional numerical simulations. A novel combination of device simulation and circuit simulation is introduced in order to simulate complete 2x2 cm2 PERL ('passivated emitter and rear locally-diffused') silicon solar cells. These computer simulations provide improved insight into the dynamics of resistive losses, and thus allow new strategies for the optimization of resistive losses to be developed. The predictions have been experimentally verified with PERL cells, whose resistive losses were reduced to approximately half of their previous values, contributing to a new efficiency world record (24.0%) for silicon solar cells under terrestrial illumination. The measurement techniques and optimization strategies presented here can be applied to most other types of solar cells, and to materials other than silicon.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)399-414
Number of pages16
JournalProgress in Photovoltaics: Research and Applications
Volume4
Issue number6
StatePublished - Nov 1996
Externally publishedYes

Fingerprint

Solar cells
solar cells
emitters
optimization
Silicon solar cells
Silicon
Lighting
Metals
illumination
simulation
Circuit simulation
Computer simulation
silicon
metals
Current density
computerized simulation
grids
current density
predictions
cells

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Energy Engineering and Power Technology
  • Fuel Technology
  • Renewable Energy, Sustainability and the Environment
  • Physics and Astronomy (miscellaneous)

Cite this

Altermatt, P. P., Heiser, G., Aberle, A. G., Wang, A., Zhao, J., Robinson, S. J., ... Green, M. A. (1996). Spatially resolved analysis and minimization of resistive losses in high-efficiency Si solar cells. Progress in Photovoltaics: Research and Applications, 4(6), 399-414.

Spatially resolved analysis and minimization of resistive losses in high-efficiency Si solar cells. / Altermatt, Pietro P.; Heiser, Gernot; Aberle, Armin G.; Wang, Aihua; Zhao, Jianhua; Robinson, Stephen J.; Bowden, Stuart; Green, Martin A.

In: Progress in Photovoltaics: Research and Applications, Vol. 4, No. 6, 11.1996, p. 399-414.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Altermatt, PP, Heiser, G, Aberle, AG, Wang, A, Zhao, J, Robinson, SJ, Bowden, S & Green, MA 1996, 'Spatially resolved analysis and minimization of resistive losses in high-efficiency Si solar cells', Progress in Photovoltaics: Research and Applications, vol. 4, no. 6, pp. 399-414.
Altermatt, Pietro P. ; Heiser, Gernot ; Aberle, Armin G. ; Wang, Aihua ; Zhao, Jianhua ; Robinson, Stephen J. ; Bowden, Stuart ; Green, Martin A. / Spatially resolved analysis and minimization of resistive losses in high-efficiency Si solar cells. In: Progress in Photovoltaics: Research and Applications. 1996 ; Vol. 4, No. 6. pp. 399-414.
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