Spaceflight enhances cell aggregation and random budding in Candida albicans

Aurélie Crabbé, Sheila M. Nielsen-Preiss, Christine M. Woolley, Jennifer Barrila, Kent Buchanan, James McCracken, Diane O. Inglis, Stephen C. Searles, Mayra A. Nelman-Gonzalez, C. Mark Ott, James W. Wilson, Duane L. Pierson, Heidemarie M. Stefanyshyn-Piper, Linda E. Hyman, Cheryl Nickerson

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

29 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

This study presents the first global transcriptional profiling and phenotypic characterization of the major human opportunistic fungal pathogen, Candida albicans, grown in spaceflight conditions. Microarray analysis revealed that C. albicans subjected to short-term spaceflight culture differentially regulated 452 genes compared to synchronous ground controls, which represented 8.3% of the analyzed ORFs. Spaceflight-cultured C. albicans-induced genes involved in cell aggregation (similar to flocculation), which was validated by microscopic and flow cytometry analysis. We also observed enhanced random budding of spaceflight-cultured cells as opposed to bipolar budding patterns for ground samples, in accordance with the gene expression data. Furthermore, genes involved in antifungal agent and stress resistance were differentially regulated in spaceflight, including induction of ABC transporters and members of the major facilitator family, downregulation of ergosterol-encoding genes, and upregulation of genes involved in oxidative stress resistance. Finally, downregulation of genes involved in actin cytoskeleton was observed. Interestingly, the transcriptional regulator Cap1 and over 30% of the Cap1 regulon was differentially expressed in spaceflight-cultured C. albicans. A potential role for Cap1 in the spaceflight response of C. albicans is suggested, as this regulator is involved in random budding, cell aggregation, and oxidative stress resistance; all related to observed spaceflight-associated changes of C. albicans . While culture of C. albicans in microgravity potentiates a global change in gene expression that could induce a virulence-related phenotype, no increased virulence in a murine intraperitoneal (i.p.) infection model was observed under the conditions of this study. Collectively, our data represent an important basis for the assessment of the risk that commensal flora could play during human spaceflight missions. Furthermore, since the low fluid-shear environment of microgravity is relevant to physical forces encountered by pathogens during the infection process, insights gained from this study could identify novel infectious disease mechanisms, with downstream benefits for the general public.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Article numbere80677
JournalPLoS One
Volume8
Issue number12
DOIs
StatePublished - Dec 4 2013

Fingerprint

space flight
Space Flight
Cell Aggregation
Candida
Candida albicans
Agglomeration
Genes
Oxidative stress
Microgravity
Pathogens
Gene expression
cells
stress tolerance
microgravity
Weightlessness
genes
Ergosterol
Gene encoding
ATP-Binding Cassette Transporters
Flow cytometry

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Agricultural and Biological Sciences(all)
  • Biochemistry, Genetics and Molecular Biology(all)
  • Medicine(all)

Cite this

Crabbé, A., Nielsen-Preiss, S. M., Woolley, C. M., Barrila, J., Buchanan, K., McCracken, J., ... Nickerson, C. (2013). Spaceflight enhances cell aggregation and random budding in Candida albicans. PLoS One, 8(12), [e80677]. https://doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0080677

Spaceflight enhances cell aggregation and random budding in Candida albicans. / Crabbé, Aurélie; Nielsen-Preiss, Sheila M.; Woolley, Christine M.; Barrila, Jennifer; Buchanan, Kent; McCracken, James; Inglis, Diane O.; Searles, Stephen C.; Nelman-Gonzalez, Mayra A.; Ott, C. Mark; Wilson, James W.; Pierson, Duane L.; Stefanyshyn-Piper, Heidemarie M.; Hyman, Linda E.; Nickerson, Cheryl.

In: PLoS One, Vol. 8, No. 12, e80677, 04.12.2013.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Crabbé, A, Nielsen-Preiss, SM, Woolley, CM, Barrila, J, Buchanan, K, McCracken, J, Inglis, DO, Searles, SC, Nelman-Gonzalez, MA, Ott, CM, Wilson, JW, Pierson, DL, Stefanyshyn-Piper, HM, Hyman, LE & Nickerson, C 2013, 'Spaceflight enhances cell aggregation and random budding in Candida albicans', PLoS One, vol. 8, no. 12, e80677. https://doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0080677
Crabbé A, Nielsen-Preiss SM, Woolley CM, Barrila J, Buchanan K, McCracken J et al. Spaceflight enhances cell aggregation and random budding in Candida albicans. PLoS One. 2013 Dec 4;8(12). e80677. https://doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0080677
Crabbé, Aurélie ; Nielsen-Preiss, Sheila M. ; Woolley, Christine M. ; Barrila, Jennifer ; Buchanan, Kent ; McCracken, James ; Inglis, Diane O. ; Searles, Stephen C. ; Nelman-Gonzalez, Mayra A. ; Ott, C. Mark ; Wilson, James W. ; Pierson, Duane L. ; Stefanyshyn-Piper, Heidemarie M. ; Hyman, Linda E. ; Nickerson, Cheryl. / Spaceflight enhances cell aggregation and random budding in Candida albicans. In: PLoS One. 2013 ; Vol. 8, No. 12.
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