Sources of variability and uncertainty in LCA of single wall carbon nanotubes for li-ion batteries in electric vehicles

Thomas Seager, Ryne P. Raffaelle, Brian J. Landi

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference contribution

7 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Production alternatives for single-walled carbon nanotubes (SWCNT) such as chemical vapor deposition, laser, arc and flame, vary widely in material and energy yields, catalyst requirements and product characteristics. The overall environmental profile must be assessed relative to performance in a specific end-use application, such as lithium ion batteries for electric or plug-in hybrid vehicles. Although in general SWCNT have several properties that make them attractive for transportation applications, production is a material- and energy-intensive process. High-yield synthesis pathways may be environmentally inefficient if extensive purification is required. Life cycle assessment (LCA) is an approach to quantifying the environmental tradeoffs engendered by technology substitution. However, it is essential to recognize that the results of LCA for one type of SWCNT may not be applicable to SWCNT of different purity, length, diameter, chirality or conductivity. This paper discusses sources of variability and uncertainty in production of SWCNT and makes several recommendations with regard to LCA of nanomaterials.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Title of host publicationIEEE International Symposium on Electronics and the Environment
DOIs
StatePublished - 2008
Externally publishedYes
Event2008 16th IEEE International Symposium on Electronics and the Environment, ISEE - San Francisco, CA, United States
Duration: May 19 2008May 22 2008

Other

Other2008 16th IEEE International Symposium on Electronics and the Environment, ISEE
CountryUnited States
CitySan Francisco, CA
Period5/19/085/22/08

Fingerprint

Single-walled carbon nanotubes (SWCN)
Electric vehicles
Life cycle
Carbon nanotubes
Plug-in hybrid vehicles
Chirality
Nanostructured materials
Purification
Chemical vapor deposition
Substitution reactions
Lithium-ion batteries
Uncertainty
Catalysts
Lasers

Keywords

  • Comparative life cycle assessment
  • Multicriteria
  • Nanomaterials

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Environmental Engineering
  • Electrical and Electronic Engineering

Cite this

Seager, T., Raffaelle, R. P., & Landi, B. J. (2008). Sources of variability and uncertainty in LCA of single wall carbon nanotubes for li-ion batteries in electric vehicles. In IEEE International Symposium on Electronics and the Environment [4562878] https://doi.org/10.1109/ISEE.2008.4562878

Sources of variability and uncertainty in LCA of single wall carbon nanotubes for li-ion batteries in electric vehicles. / Seager, Thomas; Raffaelle, Ryne P.; Landi, Brian J.

IEEE International Symposium on Electronics and the Environment. 2008. 4562878.

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference contribution

Seager, T, Raffaelle, RP & Landi, BJ 2008, Sources of variability and uncertainty in LCA of single wall carbon nanotubes for li-ion batteries in electric vehicles. in IEEE International Symposium on Electronics and the Environment., 4562878, 2008 16th IEEE International Symposium on Electronics and the Environment, ISEE, San Francisco, CA, United States, 5/19/08. https://doi.org/10.1109/ISEE.2008.4562878
Seager, Thomas ; Raffaelle, Ryne P. ; Landi, Brian J. / Sources of variability and uncertainty in LCA of single wall carbon nanotubes for li-ion batteries in electric vehicles. IEEE International Symposium on Electronics and the Environment. 2008.
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