Sources of variability and uncertainty in LCA of single wall carbon nanotubes for li-ion batteries in electric vehicles

Thomas P. Seager, Ryne P. Raffaelle, Brian J. Landi

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference contribution

7 Scopus citations

Abstract

Production alternatives for single-walled carbon nanotubes (SWCNT) such as chemical vapor deposition, laser, arc and flame, vary widely in material and energy yields, catalyst requirements and product characteristics. The overall environmental profile must be assessed relative to performance in a specific end-use application, such as lithium ion batteries for electric or plug-in hybrid vehicles. Although in general SWCNT have several properties that make them attractive for transportation applications, production is a material- and energy-intensive process. High-yield synthesis pathways may be environmentally inefficient if extensive purification is required. Life cycle assessment (LCA) is an approach to quantifying the environmental tradeoffs engendered by technology substitution. However, it is essential to recognize that the results of LCA for one type of SWCNT may not be applicable to SWCNT of different purity, length, diameter, chirality or conductivity. This paper discusses sources of variability and uncertainty in production of SWCNT and makes several recommendations with regard to LCA of nanomaterials.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Title of host publication2008 16th IEEE International Symposium on Electronics and the Environment, ISEE
DOIs
StatePublished - Sep 22 2008
Externally publishedYes
Event2008 16th IEEE International Symposium on Electronics and the Environment, ISEE - San Francisco, CA, United States
Duration: May 19 2008May 22 2008

Publication series

NameIEEE International Symposium on Electronics and the Environment

Other

Other2008 16th IEEE International Symposium on Electronics and the Environment, ISEE
CountryUnited States
CitySan Francisco, CA
Period5/19/085/22/08

Keywords

  • Comparative life cycle assessment
  • Multicriteria
  • Nanomaterials

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Environmental Engineering
  • Waste Management and Disposal
  • Pollution
  • Electrical and Electronic Engineering

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    Seager, T. P., Raffaelle, R. P., & Landi, B. J. (2008). Sources of variability and uncertainty in LCA of single wall carbon nanotubes for li-ion batteries in electric vehicles. In 2008 16th IEEE International Symposium on Electronics and the Environment, ISEE [4562878] (IEEE International Symposium on Electronics and the Environment). https://doi.org/10.1109/ISEE.2008.4562878