Sorption and diffusion of volatile organic compounds in polydimethylsiloxane membranes

M. V. Chandak, Jerry Lin, W. Ji, R. J. Higgins

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

48 Scopus citations

Abstract

Sorption and diffusion of ethanol, 1,1,1-trichloroethane (TCA), and trichoroethylene (TCE) were investigated in polydimethylsiloxane (PDMS) membranes using a gravimetric technique The thermodynamic equilibrium end kinetic properties were evaluated at temperatures of 25, 100, and 150°C. The sorption isotherms for TCA and TCE can be correlated well using the Flory-Huggins model. However, a three parameter Koningsveld-Kleinjtens variation to the Flory-Huggins equation is required for correlation of the ethanol isotherm. The solubility coefficients of TCA and TCE increase with activity, but it remains almost constant for ethanol. The calculated sorption energies reveal high positive heat of mixing for ethanol. TCA and TCE sorption in PDMS decreases strongly with temperature as opposed to ethanol Clustering function analysis is used to explain the anomalous ethanol sorption and diffusion behavior in PDMS. TCA and TCE diffusivities do not exhibit large variations with volatile organic compound activity. However, ethanol demonstrates a maxima in its diffusivity at activities where it has minimum clustering tendencies.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)165-175
Number of pages11
JournalJournal of Applied Polymer Science
Volume67
Issue number1
Publication statusPublished - Jan 3 1998
Externally publishedYes

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Keywords

  • Diffusion
  • Membranes
  • Permeation
  • Polydimethylsiloxane
  • Volatile organic compounds

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Polymers and Plastics

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