Sorbent-based oxygen separation with YBC114 for energy storage systems

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

In this work, we aimed to design, build, and evaluate an oxygen separation system to provide an inert sweep gas with low oxygen partial pressure (pO2) to redox-active thermochemical energy conversion reactors for a range of applications, including two-step redox cycles for thermochemical energy storage, water splitting, and carbon-dioxide splitting. The separation is based on an oxygen-selective sorbent, YBaCo4O7+δ (YBC114), which has excellent oxygen sorption and desorption properties demonstrated in our previous work. The oxygen separation performance of YBC114 was comprehensively studied by thermogravimetric analysis, sorption breakthrough experiments, and temperature swing sorption - desorption cycles. The results reveal that YBC114 can produce inert sweep gas with an oxygen concentration of less than 100 ppmv for at least 20 min during the thermal swing adsorption (TSA) cycle with the current sorption bed configuration, and the performance is consistent from cycle to cycle. The optimal sorption and desorption temperatures for the TSA process with YBC114 are determined to be 300 °C and 500 °C, respectively. Although challenges remain for the current separation system (e.g., high sorption temperature and slow kinetics), this study demonstrates the potential to use the oxygen-selective sorbent to produce an inert sweep gas, the feasibility of the oxygen separation concept, and guides new sorbent material development to make this application economically practical. A simple procedure is described for designing the YBC114 oxygen separation process.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Article number134884
JournalChemical Engineering Journal
Volume435
DOIs
StatePublished - May 1 2022

Keywords

  • Energy storage systems
  • Oxygen separation
  • TSA
  • YBC114

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Chemistry(all)
  • Environmental Chemistry
  • Chemical Engineering(all)
  • Industrial and Manufacturing Engineering

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