Solving the double bind in performance appraisal: A saga of wolves, sloths, and eagles

Mark R. Edwards, Walter C. Borman, J. Ruth Sproull

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

4 Scopus citations


Performance appraisal systems have been plagued by two major problems: the inaccuracy of raters, and supervisors who are caught in a dilemma because their role as the sole evaluators of performance undermines their more constructive role as performance coaches and counselors. The innovative Team Evaluation (TE) process for performance appraisal solves this double bind.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)59-68
Number of pages10
JournalBusiness Horizons
Issue number3
Publication statusPublished - 1985
Externally publishedYes


ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Business and International Management
  • Marketing

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