Solvation dynamics in the plastic crystal and supercooled liquid state of ethanol

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

6 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

The dynamics of ethanol in its plastic crystalline and supercooled liquid state has been measured using triplet state solvation dynamics techniques. This study focuses on temperatures near the respective glass transitions Tg of the two distinct phases, where the structural relaxation times are between 1 ms and 10 s. In the plastic crystal, the correlation times of the Stokes shift dynamics match the longitudinal time constants of the system as derived from dielectric relaxation data. Additionally, a maximum of the time resolved optical linewidths is indicative of heterogeneous dynamics in the plastic crystal. The supercooled liquid state is obtained after quenching the liquid from room temperature to below Tg and displays relaxation times that are a factor of 100 faster compared with the plastic crystal at the same temperature. The results do not reveal different translational contributions to solvation for the two phases.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)5429-5438
Number of pages10
JournalJournal of Physics Condensed Matter
Volume15
Issue number32
DOIs
StatePublished - Aug 20 2003

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Liquid Crystals
Solvation
solvation
Ethanol
ethyl alcohol
plastics
Plastics
Crystals
Liquids
liquids
Relaxation time
crystals
relaxation time
Structural relaxation
Dielectric relaxation
Linewidth
Temperature
atomic energy levels
time constant
Glass transition

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Condensed Matter Physics
  • Electronic, Optical and Magnetic Materials

Cite this

Solvation dynamics in the plastic crystal and supercooled liquid state of ethanol. / Richert, Ranko.

In: Journal of Physics Condensed Matter, Vol. 15, No. 32, 20.08.2003, p. 5429-5438.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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