We consider soliton creation when there are "twist" degrees of freedom present in the model in addition to those that make up the soliton. Specifically, we consider a deformed O(3) sigma model in 1+1 dimensions, which reduces to the sine-Gordon model in the zero twist sector. We study the scattering of two or more breather solutions as a function of twist, and find soliton creation for a range of parameters. We speculate on the application of these ideas, in particular, on the possible role of magnetic helicity, to the production of magnetic monopoles, and the violation of baryon number in nuclear scattering experiments.
|Original language||English (US)|
|Journal||Physical Review D - Particles, Fields, Gravitation and Cosmology|
|State||Published - Dec 2 2011|
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Nuclear and High Energy Physics
- Physics and Astronomy (miscellaneous)