Solar radiation and functional traits explain the decline of forest primary productivity along a tropical elevation gradient

Nikolaos M. Fyllas, Lisa Patrick Bentley, Alexander Shenkin, Gregory P. Asner, Owen K. Atkin, Sandra Díaz, Brian J. Enquist, William Farfan-Rios, Emanuel Gloor, Rossella Guerrieri, Walter Huaraca Huasco, Yoko Ishida, Roberta E. Martin, Patrick Meir, Oliver Phillips, Norma Salinas, Miles Silman, Lasantha K. Weerasinghe, Joana Zaragoza-Castells, Yadvinder Malhi

Research output: Contribution to journalLetter

21 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

One of the major challenges in ecology is to understand how ecosystems respond to changes in environmental conditions, and how taxonomic and functional diversity mediate these changes. In this study, we use a trait-spectra and individual-based model, to analyse variation in forest primary productivity along a 3.3 km elevation gradient in the Amazon-Andes. The model accurately predicted the magnitude and trends in forest productivity with elevation, with solar radiation and plant functional traits (leaf dry mass per area, leaf nitrogen and phosphorus concentration, and wood density) collectively accounting for productivity variation. Remarkably, explicit representation of temperature variation with elevation was not required to achieve accurate predictions of forest productivity, as trait variation driven by species turnover appears to capture the effect of temperature. Our semi-mechanistic model suggests that spatial variation in traits can potentially be used to estimate spatial variation in productivity at the landscape scale.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)730-740
Number of pages11
JournalEcology letters
Volume20
Issue number6
DOIs
StatePublished - Jun 2017
Externally publishedYes

Fingerprint

forest decline
primary productivity
solar radiation
productivity
spatial variation
wood density
mechanistic models
functional diversity
temperature
leaf area
individual-based model
ecology
phosphorus
environmental factors
prediction
ecosystems
nitrogen
turnover
environmental conditions
primary forest

Keywords

  • Andes
  • climate
  • functional traits
  • global ecosystem monitoring
  • modelling
  • TFS
  • tropical forests

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Ecology, Evolution, Behavior and Systematics

Cite this

Solar radiation and functional traits explain the decline of forest primary productivity along a tropical elevation gradient. / Fyllas, Nikolaos M.; Bentley, Lisa Patrick; Shenkin, Alexander; Asner, Gregory P.; Atkin, Owen K.; Díaz, Sandra; Enquist, Brian J.; Farfan-Rios, William; Gloor, Emanuel; Guerrieri, Rossella; Huasco, Walter Huaraca; Ishida, Yoko; Martin, Roberta E.; Meir, Patrick; Phillips, Oliver; Salinas, Norma; Silman, Miles; Weerasinghe, Lasantha K.; Zaragoza-Castells, Joana; Malhi, Yadvinder.

In: Ecology letters, Vol. 20, No. 6, 06.2017, p. 730-740.

Research output: Contribution to journalLetter

Fyllas, NM, Bentley, LP, Shenkin, A, Asner, GP, Atkin, OK, Díaz, S, Enquist, BJ, Farfan-Rios, W, Gloor, E, Guerrieri, R, Huasco, WH, Ishida, Y, Martin, RE, Meir, P, Phillips, O, Salinas, N, Silman, M, Weerasinghe, LK, Zaragoza-Castells, J & Malhi, Y 2017, 'Solar radiation and functional traits explain the decline of forest primary productivity along a tropical elevation gradient', Ecology letters, vol. 20, no. 6, pp. 730-740. https://doi.org/10.1111/ele.12771
Fyllas, Nikolaos M. ; Bentley, Lisa Patrick ; Shenkin, Alexander ; Asner, Gregory P. ; Atkin, Owen K. ; Díaz, Sandra ; Enquist, Brian J. ; Farfan-Rios, William ; Gloor, Emanuel ; Guerrieri, Rossella ; Huasco, Walter Huaraca ; Ishida, Yoko ; Martin, Roberta E. ; Meir, Patrick ; Phillips, Oliver ; Salinas, Norma ; Silman, Miles ; Weerasinghe, Lasantha K. ; Zaragoza-Castells, Joana ; Malhi, Yadvinder. / Solar radiation and functional traits explain the decline of forest primary productivity along a tropical elevation gradient. In: Ecology letters. 2017 ; Vol. 20, No. 6. pp. 730-740.
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