Solar nebula magnetic fields recorded in the Semarkona meteorite

Roger R. Fu, Benjamin P. Weiss, Eduardo A. Lima, Richard J. Harrison, Xue Ning Bai, Steven Desch, Denton S. Ebel, Clément Suavet, Huapei Wang, David Glenn, David Le Sage, Takeshi Kasama, Ronald L. Walsworth, Aaron T. Kuan

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77 Scopus citations

Abstract

Magnetic fields are proposed to have played a critical role in some of the most enigmatic processes of planetary formation by mediating the rapid accretion of disk material onto the central star and the formation of the first solids. However, there have been no experimental constraints on the intensity of these fields. Here we show that dusty olivine-bearing chondrules from the Semarkona meteorite were magnetized in a nebular field of 54 21 microteslas. This intensity supports chondrule formation by nebular shocks or planetesimal collisions rather than by electric currents, the x-wind, or other mechanisms near the Sun. This implies that background magnetic fields in the terrestrial planet-forming region were likely 5 to 54 microteslas, which is sufficient to account for measured rates of mass and angular momentum transport in protoplanetary disks.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)1089-1092
Number of pages4
JournalScience
Volume346
Issue number6213
DOIs
StatePublished - Nov 28 2014

ASJC Scopus subject areas

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    Fu, R. R., Weiss, B. P., Lima, E. A., Harrison, R. J., Bai, X. N., Desch, S., Ebel, D. S., Suavet, C., Wang, H., Glenn, D., Le Sage, D., Kasama, T., Walsworth, R. L., & Kuan, A. T. (2014). Solar nebula magnetic fields recorded in the Semarkona meteorite. Science, 346(6213), 1089-1092. https://doi.org/10.1126/science.1258022