Sol-gel synthesis and characterization of mesoporous yttria-stabilized zirconia membranes with graded pore structure

Bo Lu, Y. S. Lin

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

18 Scopus citations


Mesoporous yttria-stabilized zirconia (YSZ) membranes can be used for liquid phase applications in harsh environments and as supports for ultra-thin dense ceramic, carbonate, or metallic membranes. This article reports on the synthesis and characterization of three-layer mesoporous ceramic membranes consisting of a mesoporous YSZ layer, a macroporous YSZ intermediate layer, and macroporous α-alumina support. The macroporous YSZ intermediate layer was coated on the alumina support using a suspension of submicron-sized YSZ powders, and the mesoporous YSZ layer was obtained by dip-coating with diluted zirconia sol doped with yttrium nitrate. The mesoporous YSZ layer has desired cubic phase structure. Crack-free mesoporous YSZ membranes could be obtained by multiple dip-coating, drying, and calcination using a dilute YSZ sol at a concentration of 0.014 M with the help of using a drying control chemical additive. The 5 times dip-coated mesoporous YSZ membranes were about 1 lm in thickness with an average pore diameter of 3 nm. The mesoporous YSZ membranes exhibited Knudsen separation factor. The characteristics of the dip-coating process for the mesoporous YSZ membranes on the macroporous YSZ support are similar to those on the macroporous alumina support.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)7056-7066
Number of pages11
JournalJournal of Materials Science
Issue number21
StatePublished - Nov 1 2011


ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Materials Science(all)
  • Mechanics of Materials
  • Mechanical Engineering

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