Abstract

We measured soil nitrogen (N) cycling and fluxes of N2O and NO in three land-use types across the metropolitan area of Phoenix, Arizona. Urbanization increased N2O emissions compared to native landscapes, primarily due to the expansion of fertilized and irrigated lawns. Fluxes of N2O from lawns ranged from 18 to 80 μg N 2 m-2 h-1 and were significantly larger than managed xeric landscapes (2.5-22 μg N m-2 h-1) and remnant desert sites within the urban core (3.7-14 μg N m-2 h-1). In contrast, average NO fluxes from 2 lawns were not significantV different from native desert when dry (6-80 μg N m-2 h-1 lawn; 5-16 μg N m-2 h-1 desert) and were lower than fluxes from deserts after wetting events. Furthermore, urbanization has significantly altered the temporal dynamics of NO emissions by replacing pulse-driven desert ecosystems with year-round irrigated, managed lawns. Short-term, pulse-driven emissions of NO from wetting of dry desert soils may reach 35% of anthropogenic emissions within a day after summer monsoon storms. If regional O3 production is NOx-limited during the monsoon season, fluxes from warm, recently wet arid soils may contribute to summer O3 episodes.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Article numberG01016
JournalJournal of Geophysical Research: Biogeosciences
Volume113
Issue number1
DOIs
StatePublished - Mar 28 2008

Fingerprint

urban ecosystem
deserts
ecosystems
Ecosystems
soils
desert
Fluxes
Soils
soil
urbanization
monsoons
wetting
Wetting
monsoon
summer
arid soils
desert soils
desert soil
monsoon season
Phoenix (AZ)

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Soil Science
  • Forestry
  • Water Science and Technology
  • Palaeontology
  • Atmospheric Science
  • Aquatic Science
  • Ecology

Cite this

Soil N2O and NO emissions from an arid, urban ecosystem. / Hall, Sharon; Huber, David; Grimm, Nancy.

In: Journal of Geophysical Research: Biogeosciences, Vol. 113, No. 1, G01016, 28.03.2008.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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