Sociopolitical formation on the Yoruba Northern frontier: A report of recent work at Ila-Iyara, North Central Nigeria

Aribidesi Usman, Jonathan Aleru, Raphael Alabi

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

1 Citation (Scopus)

Abstract

The 15th - 17th century AD was a period of sociopolitical changes throughout Yorubaland. A critical review of the traditional histories and the results of recent archaeological research in Igbomina reveal that these changes were not restricted to the central Yoruba areas but also manifested in the Yoruba periphery. Ila has been described as a major regional polity in northern Yoruba, whose early development may have followed a similar trajectory as the Old Oyo state. This paper is a report of our recent archaeological survey, excavation, and finds at Ila-Iyara, the major Ila political center occupied between the 14th and 17th centuries. Ila-Iyara exhibits evidence of large elite center, fortifications, sacred sites, iron working, and ceramic types similar to those found at Oyo, Ife, and Benin. The archaeological work in Ila-Iyara also provides further insight into the processes of sociopolitical development, the dynamics of changes, and the different web of interactions on the Yoruba northern frontier prior to the 18th century.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)139-154
Number of pages16
JournalJournal of African Archaeology
Volume3
Issue number1
StatePublished - 2005

Fingerprint

Nigeria
political center
Benin
elite
history
interaction
evidence
Excavation
Interaction
Ironworking
Igbomina
Sacred Sites
Old Oyo
Critical Review
Archaeological Research
Yorubaland
Trajectory
World Wide Web
Archaeology
Fortification

Keywords

  • Archaeology
  • Ceramics
  • Igbomina
  • Ila
  • Ila-Iyara
  • Nigeria
  • Oral tradition
  • Yoruba

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Archaeology
  • Archaeology
  • Visual Arts and Performing Arts
  • History
  • Cultural Studies

Cite this

Sociopolitical formation on the Yoruba Northern frontier : A report of recent work at Ila-Iyara, North Central Nigeria. / Usman, Aribidesi; Aleru, Jonathan; Alabi, Raphael.

In: Journal of African Archaeology, Vol. 3, No. 1, 2005, p. 139-154.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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