Socioecological correlates of clinical signs in two communities of wild chimpanzees (Pan troglodytes) at Gombe National Park, Tanzania

Elizabeth V. Lonsdorf, Thomas R. Gillespie, Tiffany M. Wolf, Iddi Lipende, Jane Raphael, Jared Bakuza, Carson M. Murray, Michael L. Wilson, Shadrack Kamenya, Deus Mjungu, D. Anthony Collins, Ian Gilby, Margaret A. Stanton, Karen A. Terio, Hannah J. Barbian, Yingying Li, Miguel Ramirez, Alexander Krupnick, Emily Seidl, Jane Goodall & 3 others Beatrice H. Hahn, Anne E. Pusey, Dominic A. Travis

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

7 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Disease and other health hazards pose serious threats to the persistence of wild ape populations. The total chimpanzee population at Gombe National Park, Tanzania, has declined from an estimated 120 to 150 individuals in the 1960's to around 100 individuals by the end of 2013, with death associated with observable signs of disease as the leading cause of mortality. In 2004, we began a non-invasive health-monitoring program in the two habituated communities in the park (Kasekela and Mitumba) with the aim of understanding the prevalence of health issues in the population, and identifying the presence and impacts of various pathogens. Here we present prospectively collected data on clinical signs (observable changes in health) in the chimpanzees of the Kasekela (n=81) and Mitumba (n=32) communities over an 8-year period (2005-2012). First, we take a population approach and analyze prevalence of clinical signs in five different categories: gastrointestinal system (diarrhea), body condition (estimated weight loss), respiratory system (coughing, sneezing etc.), wounds/lameness, and dermatologic issues by year, month, and community membership. Mean monthly prevalence of each clinical sign per community varied, but typically affected

Original languageEnglish (US)
JournalAmerican Journal of Primatology
DOIs
StateAccepted/In press - 2016

Fingerprint

Tanzania
Pan troglodytes
national parks
national park
health monitoring
body condition
wild population
persistence
pathogen
mortality
health hazards
Pongidae
respiratory system
animal injuries
lameness
gastrointestinal system
diarrhea
weight loss
death
health

Keywords

  • Chimpanzees
  • Clinical signs
  • Disease
  • Health-monitoring

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Animal Science and Zoology
  • Ecology, Evolution, Behavior and Systematics

Cite this

Socioecological correlates of clinical signs in two communities of wild chimpanzees (Pan troglodytes) at Gombe National Park, Tanzania. / Lonsdorf, Elizabeth V.; Gillespie, Thomas R.; Wolf, Tiffany M.; Lipende, Iddi; Raphael, Jane; Bakuza, Jared; Murray, Carson M.; Wilson, Michael L.; Kamenya, Shadrack; Mjungu, Deus; Collins, D. Anthony; Gilby, Ian; Stanton, Margaret A.; Terio, Karen A.; Barbian, Hannah J.; Li, Yingying; Ramirez, Miguel; Krupnick, Alexander; Seidl, Emily; Goodall, Jane; Hahn, Beatrice H.; Pusey, Anne E.; Travis, Dominic A.

In: American Journal of Primatology, 2016.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Lonsdorf, EV, Gillespie, TR, Wolf, TM, Lipende, I, Raphael, J, Bakuza, J, Murray, CM, Wilson, ML, Kamenya, S, Mjungu, D, Collins, DA, Gilby, I, Stanton, MA, Terio, KA, Barbian, HJ, Li, Y, Ramirez, M, Krupnick, A, Seidl, E, Goodall, J, Hahn, BH, Pusey, AE & Travis, DA 2016, 'Socioecological correlates of clinical signs in two communities of wild chimpanzees (Pan troglodytes) at Gombe National Park, Tanzania', American Journal of Primatology. https://doi.org/10.1002/ajp.22562
Lonsdorf, Elizabeth V. ; Gillespie, Thomas R. ; Wolf, Tiffany M. ; Lipende, Iddi ; Raphael, Jane ; Bakuza, Jared ; Murray, Carson M. ; Wilson, Michael L. ; Kamenya, Shadrack ; Mjungu, Deus ; Collins, D. Anthony ; Gilby, Ian ; Stanton, Margaret A. ; Terio, Karen A. ; Barbian, Hannah J. ; Li, Yingying ; Ramirez, Miguel ; Krupnick, Alexander ; Seidl, Emily ; Goodall, Jane ; Hahn, Beatrice H. ; Pusey, Anne E. ; Travis, Dominic A. / Socioecological correlates of clinical signs in two communities of wild chimpanzees (Pan troglodytes) at Gombe National Park, Tanzania. In: American Journal of Primatology. 2016.
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