Socio-technical Integration Research: Collaborative Inquiry at the Midstream of Research and Development

Erik Fisher, Daan Schuurbiers

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingChapter

43 Scopus citations


Midstream modulation is a framework for relating changes in research and innovation to changes in practitioners’ contextual awareness. It is used by the socio-technical integration research (STIR) program to help elucidate and enhance the capacities of laboratory practitioners to participate more deliberately in the governance of science, technology and innovation. STIR involves collaborative inquiry between embedded humanists or social scientists and the scientists, engineers and others who host them. The collaborative inquiry takes place during routine research and innovation activities, generating feedback that can modulate these activities in real-time. Reflexive midstream modulations can disrupt and enhance the conditions under which research and innovation practitioners engage the social and ethical contexts of their work. This chapter presents the conceptual backbone and the overall philosophy behind midstream modulation, and surveys the concrete outcomes that typically result from laboratory engagement studies.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Title of host publicationPhilosophy of Engineering and Technology
PublisherSpringer Nature
Number of pages14
StatePublished - 2013

Publication series

NamePhilosophy of Engineering and Technology
ISSN (Print)1879-7202
ISSN (Electronic)1879-7210


  • Collaborative Inquiry
  • Critical Reflection
  • Innovation Activity
  • Policy Mandate
  • Public Engagement

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • History and Philosophy of Science
  • Language and Linguistics
  • Development
  • Control and Systems Engineering
  • Engineering (miscellaneous)


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