Socio-demographic disparities of childhood asthma

Noe C. Crespo, Guadalupe X. Ayala, Christopher D. Vercammen-Grandjean, Donald J. Slymen, John P. Elder

    Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

    15 Scopus citations

    Abstract

    Childhood asthma is particularly prevalent among disadvantaged children and is associated with greater functional consequences. This study described factors associated with childhood asthma in a sample of Latino and non-Latino children. Data were from baseline measures of 791 parent and child dyads involved in a childhood obesity prevention study. Parents completed a self-administered survey assessing childhood factors, demographics, acculturation and child asthma diagnosis. Multivariate mixed effects logistic regression analyses tested for correlates of child asthma and ethnicity interactions. Children were 4-10 years old, half were female, 86.0 percent were US-born and 45.7 percent were overweight or obese. The prevalence of childhood asthma was 11.5 percent. In multivariate analyses, the odds of childhood asthma were greater among children of non-Latino descent (OR = 4.1, CI: 1.8, 9.2), who had health insurance (OR = 11.1, CI: 2.7, 46.4), were male (OR = 1.8; CI: 1.1, 3.1) and born pre-term (OR = 3.0, CI: 1.4, 6.3). This study supports socio-demographic disparities in childhood asthma and evidence of their independent effects.

    Original languageEnglish (US)
    Pages (from-to)358-369
    Number of pages12
    JournalJournal of Child Health Care
    Volume15
    Issue number4
    DOIs
    StatePublished - Dec 1 2011

    Keywords

    • Child health
    • Childhood illness
    • Culture and cultural issues
    • Ethnicity
    • Inequalities in health

    ASJC Scopus subject areas

    • Pediatrics, Perinatology, and Child Health
    • Pediatrics

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  • Cite this

    Crespo, N. C., Ayala, G. X., Vercammen-Grandjean, C. D., Slymen, D. J., & Elder, J. P. (2011). Socio-demographic disparities of childhood asthma. Journal of Child Health Care, 15(4), 358-369. https://doi.org/10.1177/1367493510397680