Socialization of Children's Vicarious Emotional Responding and Prosocial Behavior: Relations With Mothers' Perceptions of Children's Emotional Reactivity

Richard Fabes, Nancy Eisenberg, Mariss Karbon, Jane Bernzweig, Anna Lee Speer, Gustavo Carlo

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

81 Scopus citations

Abstract

We examined mother-child emotion-related interactions and how these interactions related to mothers' perceptions of children's emotional reactivity. Mothers of 49 kindergartners and 54 2nd graders told their children 2 stories about distressed others. Children's emotional, physiological, and prosocial responses were also obtained. Mothers rated children's tendencies to become emotional when exposed to distressed others. For kindergartners, mothers' perceptions of children's emotional reactivity were positively related to her use of positive facial expressions. Mothers' perceptions of 2nd graders' emotional reactivity were inversely related to maternal responsiveness. For both age groups, children's skin conductance was inversely related to helpfulness. These findings suggest that mothers may "adjust" their interactions with their children based on their perceptions of children's emotional tendencies.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)44-55
Number of pages12
JournalDevelopmental psychology
Volume30
Issue number1
DOIs
StatePublished - Jan 1994

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Demography
  • Developmental and Educational Psychology
  • Life-span and Life-course Studies

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