Social Support and Social Norms: Do Both Contribute to Predicting Leisure-time Exercise?

Morris A. Okun, Linda Ruehlman, Paul Karoly, Rafer Lutz, Chris Fairholme, Rachel Schaub

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

70 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Objective: To clarify the contribution of social support and social norms to exercise behavior. Methods: A sample of 363 college students completed a questionnaire that assessed social support and social negativity from friends, descriptive and injunctive social norms related to friends, perceived behavioral control, attitude, intention, and leisure-time exercise. Results: Esteem social support was the strongest predictor of total and strenuous leisure-time exercise (P<.001), and descriptive norm was a significant (P<.01) predictor of strenuous leisure-time exercise. Conclusion: Social support and social norms contribute independently to our understanding of variation in the frequency of strenuous leisure-time exercise.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)493-507
Number of pages15
JournalAmerican Journal of Health Behavior
Volume27
Issue number5
StatePublished - Sep 2003

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leisure time
Leisure Activities
Social Norms
Social Support
social support
Exercise
questionnaire
Students
student

Keywords

  • And social support
  • Exercise
  • Norms
  • Planned behavior
  • Social negativity

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Public Health, Environmental and Occupational Health
  • Leadership and Management

Cite this

Okun, M. A., Ruehlman, L., Karoly, P., Lutz, R., Fairholme, C., & Schaub, R. (2003). Social Support and Social Norms: Do Both Contribute to Predicting Leisure-time Exercise? American Journal of Health Behavior, 27(5), 493-507.

Social Support and Social Norms : Do Both Contribute to Predicting Leisure-time Exercise? / Okun, Morris A.; Ruehlman, Linda; Karoly, Paul; Lutz, Rafer; Fairholme, Chris; Schaub, Rachel.

In: American Journal of Health Behavior, Vol. 27, No. 5, 09.2003, p. 493-507.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Okun, MA, Ruehlman, L, Karoly, P, Lutz, R, Fairholme, C & Schaub, R 2003, 'Social Support and Social Norms: Do Both Contribute to Predicting Leisure-time Exercise?', American Journal of Health Behavior, vol. 27, no. 5, pp. 493-507.
Okun, Morris A. ; Ruehlman, Linda ; Karoly, Paul ; Lutz, Rafer ; Fairholme, Chris ; Schaub, Rachel. / Social Support and Social Norms : Do Both Contribute to Predicting Leisure-time Exercise?. In: American Journal of Health Behavior. 2003 ; Vol. 27, No. 5. pp. 493-507.
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