Social Network Typologies of Black and White Married Couples in Midlife

Katherine L. Fiori, Amy J. Rauer, Kira S. Birditt, Edna Brown, Justin Jager, Terri L. Orbuch

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

9 Scopus citations

Abstract

Although research shows that conjoint social networks are associated with well-being among newlyweds, little is known about how these network types are linked to marital quality and psychological well-being for long-term married couples and about potential race differences in their configurations and associations. Using a pattern-centered approach to examine the social networks of 91 White and 62 Black couples in their 16th year of marriage, this study revealed four couple network types (friend-focused, wife family-focused, bilateral family-focused, and diverse). Results suggested that spouses in the wife family-focused network type (characterized by above-average contact with the wife's family and below average contact with the husband's family and with nonkin) reported the lowest positive marital quality and highest negative marital quality. The association of network type with negative marital quality was also moderated by gender and race. The findings highlight the importance of considering the meaningful complexity within couples' shared networks.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)571-589
Number of pages19
JournalJournal of Marriage and Family
Volume79
Issue number2
DOIs
StatePublished - Apr 1 2017

Keywords

  • African Americans
  • adult well-being
  • family
  • friendship
  • marital quality
  • mental health

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Anthropology
  • Arts and Humanities (miscellaneous)
  • Social Sciences (miscellaneous)

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