Social judgment processes in hyperactive boys

Effects of methylphenidate and comparisons with normal peers

Carol K. Whalen, Barbara Henker, Douglas A. Granger

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

36 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Although there is consensus that ADHD children have serious social problems, there is little understanding of the mechanisms underlying or accompanying such problems. To examine the possibility of atypical or faulty social reasoning, we presented ADHD and normal boys with a social perception task that entailed evaluating the behaviors of unknown peers. ADHD "judges" participated under both methylphenidate and placebo conditions, and on each occasion they evaluated an unfamiliar ADHD "target" in each medication state. In contrast to placebo, methylphenidate appeared to dampen overall response rates in ADHD judges, but there was no effect on sensitivity to medication-related differences. Regardless of their own medication state, ADHD judges identified more undesirable behaviors in peers on placebo than in those taking methylphenidate. Judges with the most serious behavior problems tended to identify the greatest number of negative behaviors in peers, especially when both judge and target were unmedicated. There were no effects of target medication status on detections of positive behaviors and few differences in detection patterns of ADHD versus normal judges. Discussion focused on the need to distinguish general regulatory from specific social-cognitive processes.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)297-316
Number of pages20
JournalJournal of Abnormal Child Psychology
Volume18
Issue number3
DOIs
StatePublished - Jun 1990
Externally publishedYes

Fingerprint

Methylphenidate
Placebos
Social Perception
Social Problems
Consensus

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Developmental and Educational Psychology
  • Clinical Psychology
  • Psychology(all)

Cite this

Social judgment processes in hyperactive boys : Effects of methylphenidate and comparisons with normal peers. / Whalen, Carol K.; Henker, Barbara; Granger, Douglas A.

In: Journal of Abnormal Child Psychology, Vol. 18, No. 3, 06.1990, p. 297-316.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Whalen, Carol K. ; Henker, Barbara ; Granger, Douglas A. / Social judgment processes in hyperactive boys : Effects of methylphenidate and comparisons with normal peers. In: Journal of Abnormal Child Psychology. 1990 ; Vol. 18, No. 3. pp. 297-316.
@article{c5acbf57be9143b98fa2ac79bf5b12fe,
title = "Social judgment processes in hyperactive boys: Effects of methylphenidate and comparisons with normal peers",
abstract = "Although there is consensus that ADHD children have serious social problems, there is little understanding of the mechanisms underlying or accompanying such problems. To examine the possibility of atypical or faulty social reasoning, we presented ADHD and normal boys with a social perception task that entailed evaluating the behaviors of unknown peers. ADHD {"}judges{"} participated under both methylphenidate and placebo conditions, and on each occasion they evaluated an unfamiliar ADHD {"}target{"} in each medication state. In contrast to placebo, methylphenidate appeared to dampen overall response rates in ADHD judges, but there was no effect on sensitivity to medication-related differences. Regardless of their own medication state, ADHD judges identified more undesirable behaviors in peers on placebo than in those taking methylphenidate. Judges with the most serious behavior problems tended to identify the greatest number of negative behaviors in peers, especially when both judge and target were unmedicated. There were no effects of target medication status on detections of positive behaviors and few differences in detection patterns of ADHD versus normal judges. Discussion focused on the need to distinguish general regulatory from specific social-cognitive processes.",
author = "Whalen, {Carol K.} and Barbara Henker and Granger, {Douglas A.}",
year = "1990",
month = "6",
doi = "10.1007/BF00916567",
language = "English (US)",
volume = "18",
pages = "297--316",
journal = "Journal of Abnormal Child Psychology",
issn = "0091-0627",
publisher = "Springer New York",
number = "3",

}

TY - JOUR

T1 - Social judgment processes in hyperactive boys

T2 - Effects of methylphenidate and comparisons with normal peers

AU - Whalen, Carol K.

AU - Henker, Barbara

AU - Granger, Douglas A.

PY - 1990/6

Y1 - 1990/6

N2 - Although there is consensus that ADHD children have serious social problems, there is little understanding of the mechanisms underlying or accompanying such problems. To examine the possibility of atypical or faulty social reasoning, we presented ADHD and normal boys with a social perception task that entailed evaluating the behaviors of unknown peers. ADHD "judges" participated under both methylphenidate and placebo conditions, and on each occasion they evaluated an unfamiliar ADHD "target" in each medication state. In contrast to placebo, methylphenidate appeared to dampen overall response rates in ADHD judges, but there was no effect on sensitivity to medication-related differences. Regardless of their own medication state, ADHD judges identified more undesirable behaviors in peers on placebo than in those taking methylphenidate. Judges with the most serious behavior problems tended to identify the greatest number of negative behaviors in peers, especially when both judge and target were unmedicated. There were no effects of target medication status on detections of positive behaviors and few differences in detection patterns of ADHD versus normal judges. Discussion focused on the need to distinguish general regulatory from specific social-cognitive processes.

AB - Although there is consensus that ADHD children have serious social problems, there is little understanding of the mechanisms underlying or accompanying such problems. To examine the possibility of atypical or faulty social reasoning, we presented ADHD and normal boys with a social perception task that entailed evaluating the behaviors of unknown peers. ADHD "judges" participated under both methylphenidate and placebo conditions, and on each occasion they evaluated an unfamiliar ADHD "target" in each medication state. In contrast to placebo, methylphenidate appeared to dampen overall response rates in ADHD judges, but there was no effect on sensitivity to medication-related differences. Regardless of their own medication state, ADHD judges identified more undesirable behaviors in peers on placebo than in those taking methylphenidate. Judges with the most serious behavior problems tended to identify the greatest number of negative behaviors in peers, especially when both judge and target were unmedicated. There were no effects of target medication status on detections of positive behaviors and few differences in detection patterns of ADHD versus normal judges. Discussion focused on the need to distinguish general regulatory from specific social-cognitive processes.

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/record.url?scp=0025050952&partnerID=8YFLogxK

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/citedby.url?scp=0025050952&partnerID=8YFLogxK

U2 - 10.1007/BF00916567

DO - 10.1007/BF00916567

M3 - Article

VL - 18

SP - 297

EP - 316

JO - Journal of Abnormal Child Psychology

JF - Journal of Abnormal Child Psychology

SN - 0091-0627

IS - 3

ER -