Social, geomorphic, and climatic factors driving U.S. coastal city vulnerability to storm surge flooding

Edward Helderop, Tony H. Grubesic

Research output: Contribution to journalReview article

3 Scopus citations

Abstract

Coastal cities are increasingly vulnerable to natural disasters because of climate change. For many, this includes storm surge flooding fueled by tropical storms and hurricanes. A complex mesh of social, geomorphic, and climatic factors are driving this increase in vulnerability, such as population growth, irresponsible urban development, a decrease in essential service provision, shoreline erosion, sea level rise, and changing storm regimes. The purpose of this paper is to explore the interrelationships between these factors, highlighting the many ways in which they contribute to somewhat unexpected vulnerabilities for coastal settlements. This includes a discussion and several examples of how short-term strategic planning, which dominates political action and economic decision-making, can exacerbate coastal vulnerability.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Article number104902
JournalOcean and Coastal Management
Volume181
DOIs
StatePublished - Nov 1 2019

Keywords

  • Coastal development
  • Miami
  • Natural hazard
  • Storm surge flooding
  • Urban vulnerability

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Oceanography
  • Aquatic Science
  • Management, Monitoring, Policy and Law

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