Social, geomorphic, and climatic factors driving U.S. coastal city vulnerability to storm surge flooding

Edward Helderop, Anthony Grubesic

Research output: Contribution to journalReview article

Abstract

Coastal cities are increasingly vulnerable to natural disasters because of climate change. For many, this includes storm surge flooding fueled by tropical storms and hurricanes. A complex mesh of social, geomorphic, and climatic factors are driving this increase in vulnerability, such as population growth, irresponsible urban development, a decrease in essential service provision, shoreline erosion, sea level rise, and changing storm regimes. The purpose of this paper is to explore the interrelationships between these factors, highlighting the many ways in which they contribute to somewhat unexpected vulnerabilities for coastal settlements. This includes a discussion and several examples of how short-term strategic planning, which dominates political action and economic decision-making, can exacerbate coastal vulnerability.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Article number104902
JournalOcean and Coastal Management
DOIs
StatePublished - Jan 1 2019

Fingerprint

storm surge
climatic factors
vulnerability
flooding
urban development
service provision
hurricanes
disasters
natural disaster
hurricane
sea level
decision making
population growth
shoreline
planning
climate change
erosion
economics
city
climatic factor

Keywords

  • Coastal development
  • Miami
  • Natural hazard
  • Storm surge flooding
  • Urban vulnerability

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Oceanography
  • Aquatic Science
  • Management, Monitoring, Policy and Law

Cite this

Social, geomorphic, and climatic factors driving U.S. coastal city vulnerability to storm surge flooding. / Helderop, Edward; Grubesic, Anthony.

In: Ocean and Coastal Management, 01.01.2019.

Research output: Contribution to journalReview article

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