Social control and strenuous exercise among late adolescent college students.Parents versus peers as influence agents

John A. Pugliese, Morris A. Okun

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

9 Scopus citations

Abstract

In the context of a model of health-related social control, we compared the associations among social control strategies, affective and behavioral reactions, and exercise for parental and peer influence agents. Late adolescent college students (n=227) completed questionnaires that focused on social control from a parent or a peer who attempted to increase their exercising. Results from this cross-sectional study revealed that most relationships in the model were similar for parent and peer influence agents, however, (a) negative social control was a stronger predictor of reactance among parents than peers; (b) positive affect was a stronger predictor of attempts to change among peers than parents; and (c) positive affect predicted frequency of strenuous exercise only among parents. Decreasing parents' use of negative social control strategies and increasing adolescents' positive affective reactions to parental social control agents may be keys to promoting positive lifestyle changes in late adolescence.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)543-554
Number of pages12
JournalJournal of Adolescence
Volume37
Issue number5
DOIs
StatePublished - Aug 2014

Keywords

  • Exercise
  • Late adolescence
  • Parents
  • Peers
  • Physical activity
  • Social control

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Pediatrics, Perinatology, and Child Health
  • Social Psychology
  • Developmental and Educational Psychology
  • Psychiatry and Mental health

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