Social contexts of drug offers among American Indian youth and their relationship to substance use: An exploratory study

Stephen Kulis, Scott K. Okamoto, Andrea Dixon Rayle, Soma Sen

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

32 Scopus citations


In this exploratory study the authors examined the social contexts of American Indian youths' encounters with drug offers and their relationship to substance use. Using an inventory of drug use-related problem situations developed specifically for American Indian youth, questionnaires were completed by 71 American Indian youth at public middle schools in a Southwest metropolitan area. Regression analyses highlight the importance of situational and relational contexts in understanding substance use among the youth in this sample. Exposure to drug offers through parents, other adults, cousins, friends and other peers was associated with different types of substance use. Exposure through parents was particularly salient in predicting the drug use of female respondents. The study underscores the need for development of culturally grounded prevention programs in schools, reservations, and nonreservation communities.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)30-44
Number of pages15
JournalCultural Diversity and Ethnic Minority Psychology
Issue number1
Publication statusPublished - Jan 2006



  • Adolescence
  • American Indians
  • Drug offers
  • Substance use
  • Youth

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Social Psychology
  • Sociology and Political Science

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