Social competence in the school setting

prospective cross-domain associations among inner-city teens.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

69 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

In this 6-month prospective study of 138 ninth-grade inner-city students, associations among different aspects of school-based social competence were examined. In addition, links between initial emotional adjustment and subsequent social competence at school were explored. Aspects of social competence examined included academic achievement, peer reputation, and teacher-related classroom behaviors. Emotional adjustment was measured based on self-reported internalizing and externalizing symptoms. Consonant with views positing continuity and coherence of development, high temporal consistency was found within each social competence domain. In addition, superior adjustment in one domain was sometimes associated with subsequent improvements in other spheres as well. Exceptions found to this pattern were that (a) both as an antecedent and as a consequent variable, peer-rated sociability was negatively linked with other indices of school-based functioning, and (b) among girls, high anxiety was related to improved performance at school over the year. Ecological influences in adolescent adjustment are discussed, and implications of the findings for future research are explored.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)416-429
Number of pages14
JournalChild Development
Volume66
Issue number2
StatePublished - Apr 1995
Externally publishedYes

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social competence
Social Adjustment
school
sociability
academic achievement
reputation
continuity
Anxiety
Prospective Studies
Students
anxiety
adolescent
classroom
Social Skills
teacher
performance
student
Emotional Adjustment

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Psychology(all)
  • Developmental and Educational Psychology

Cite this

Social competence in the school setting : prospective cross-domain associations among inner-city teens. / Luthar, Suniya.

In: Child Development, Vol. 66, No. 2, 04.1995, p. 416-429.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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