Smaller than Expected Bright-spot Offsets in Spitzer Phase Curves of the Hot Jupiter Qatar-1b

Dylan Keating, Kevin B. Stevenson, Nicolas B. Cowan, Emily Rauscher, Jacob L. Bean, Taylor Bell, Lisa Dang, Drake Deming, Jean Michel Désert, Y. Katherina Feng, Jonathan J. Fortney, Tiffany Kataria, Eliza M.R. Kempton, Nikole Lewis, Michael R. Line, Megan Mansfield, Erin May, Caroline Morley, Adam P. Showman

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

2 Scopus citations

Abstract

We present Spitzer full-orbit thermal phase curves of the hot Jupiter Qatar-1b, a planet with the same equilibrium temperature - and intermediate surface gravity and orbital period - as the well-studied planets HD 209458b and WASP-43b. We measure secondary eclipse depths of 0.21 × 0.02% at 3.6 μm and 0.30 × 0.02% at 4.5 μm, corresponding to dayside brightness temperatures of 1542-31+32 K and 1557-36+35 K, respectively, consistent with a vertically isothermal dayside. The respective nightside brightness temperatures are 1117-71+76 and 1167-74+69 K, in line with a trend that hot Jupiters all have similar nightside temperatures. We infer a Bond albedo of 0.12-0.16+0.14 and a moderate day-night heat recirculation efficiency, similar to HD 209458b. General circulation models for HD 209458b and WASP-43b predict that their bright spots should be shifted east of the substellar point by tens of degrees, and these predictions were previously confirmed with Spitzer full-orbit phase curve observations. The phase curves of Qatar-1b are likewise expected to exhibit eastward offsets. Instead, the observed phase curves are consistent with no offset: 11° × 7° at 3.6 μm and -4° × 7° at 4.5 μm. The discrepancy in circulation patterns between these three otherwise similar planets points to the importance of secondary parameters like rotation rate and surface gravity, and the presence or absence of clouds, in determining atmospheric conditions on hot Jupiters.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Article number223
JournalAstronomical Journal
Volume159
Issue number5
DOIs
StatePublished - May 2020

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Astronomy and Astrophysics
  • Space and Planetary Science

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