Small-scale farmers expand the benefits of improved maize germplasm: A case study from Chiapas, Mexico

Mauricio R. Bellon, Jean Risopoulos

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

77 Scopus citations

Abstract

This study documents how farmers modified an improved maize variety-with desirable characteristics for all farmers, but perceived as affordable only to the wealthy-into one appropriate for all, including the poor. Changes in the extent of adoption and associated farmers' perceptions of the improved variety V-524 in a community in Chiapas, Mexico over a nine-year period are examined. During the period this variety became "creolized" through farmers' management, which fostered hybridization between improved and local varieties. These results have implications for understanding how scientific technology is adapted to farmer conditions and for assessing the impacts of plant-breeding programs.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)799-811
Number of pages13
JournalWorld Development
Volume29
Issue number5
DOIs
StatePublished - May 2001
Externally publishedYes

Keywords

  • Adoption
  • Creolization
  • Latin America
  • Maize
  • Mexico
  • Small-scale farmers

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Geography, Planning and Development
  • Development
  • Sociology and Political Science
  • Economics and Econometrics

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