Undergraduates participated in 2 different laboratory studies in which they were selected for a high-status male sex-typed role either on the basis of merit or preferentially on the basis of their sex. They subsequently were given a choice of two tasks to work on, one more demanding than the other. Results of the first study indicated that, as predicted, selection method affected the task preference of women but not men. Only women participated in the second study, in which the role of self-perceptions of competence as a mediating factor in the relationship between selection method and task choice was examined further. As anticipated, results indicated that only when information was left ambiguous did preferential selection have adverse effects. The theoretical and organizationally relevant implications of the findings are considered.
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Applied Psychology