Skinfold assessment: Accuracy and application

Stephen Ball, Pamela Swan, Thomas S. Altena

    Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

    3 Citations (Scopus)

    Abstract

    Although not perfect, skinfolds (SK), or the measurement of fat under the skin, remains the most popular and practical method available to assess body composition on a large scale (Kuczmarski, Flegal, Campbell, & Johnson, 1994). Even for practitioners who have been using SK for years and are highly proficient at locating the correct anatomical sites and pinching the skin, the question remains-how accurate are the results? Creation of new SK equations using Dual Energy X-Ray Absorptiometry (DXA) technology as the criterion have improved the estimation accuracy achieved by SK. Practitioners are asked to recognize that the equations currently recommended by the American College of Sports Medicine underestimate body fatness by about 3% in both men and women. New equations, developed using DXA as the criterion, are prompting fitness and health professionals to reinterpret the meaning of the percentage of body fat standards for their clients. In summary, the accuracy of various SK assessments are reviewed and various principles of application are presented for the practitioner.

    Original languageEnglish (US)
    Pages (from-to)255-264
    Number of pages10
    JournalMeasurement in Physical Education and Exercise Science
    Volume10
    Issue number4
    DOIs
    StatePublished - 2006

    Fingerprint

    Photon Absorptiometry
    Skin
    Body Composition
    Adipose Tissue
    Fats
    Technology
    Health

    Keywords

    • Anthropometry
    • Body composition
    • Body fat percentage
    • DXA
    • Hydrostatic weighing
    • Obesity

    ASJC Scopus subject areas

    • Public Health, Environmental and Occupational Health
    • Rehabilitation

    Cite this

    Skinfold assessment : Accuracy and application. / Ball, Stephen; Swan, Pamela; Altena, Thomas S.

    In: Measurement in Physical Education and Exercise Science, Vol. 10, No. 4, 2006, p. 255-264.

    Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

    Ball, Stephen ; Swan, Pamela ; Altena, Thomas S. / Skinfold assessment : Accuracy and application. In: Measurement in Physical Education and Exercise Science. 2006 ; Vol. 10, No. 4. pp. 255-264.
    @article{b18e98e081d845b096862b68d0293daa,
    title = "Skinfold assessment: Accuracy and application",
    abstract = "Although not perfect, skinfolds (SK), or the measurement of fat under the skin, remains the most popular and practical method available to assess body composition on a large scale (Kuczmarski, Flegal, Campbell, & Johnson, 1994). Even for practitioners who have been using SK for years and are highly proficient at locating the correct anatomical sites and pinching the skin, the question remains-how accurate are the results? Creation of new SK equations using Dual Energy X-Ray Absorptiometry (DXA) technology as the criterion have improved the estimation accuracy achieved by SK. Practitioners are asked to recognize that the equations currently recommended by the American College of Sports Medicine underestimate body fatness by about 3{\%} in both men and women. New equations, developed using DXA as the criterion, are prompting fitness and health professionals to reinterpret the meaning of the percentage of body fat standards for their clients. In summary, the accuracy of various SK assessments are reviewed and various principles of application are presented for the practitioner.",
    keywords = "Anthropometry, Body composition, Body fat percentage, DXA, Hydrostatic weighing, Obesity",
    author = "Stephen Ball and Pamela Swan and Altena, {Thomas S.}",
    year = "2006",
    doi = "10.1207/s15327841mpee1004_3",
    language = "English (US)",
    volume = "10",
    pages = "255--264",
    journal = "Measurement in Physical Education and Exercise Science",
    issn = "1091-367X",
    publisher = "Routledge",
    number = "4",

    }

    TY - JOUR

    T1 - Skinfold assessment

    T2 - Accuracy and application

    AU - Ball, Stephen

    AU - Swan, Pamela

    AU - Altena, Thomas S.

    PY - 2006

    Y1 - 2006

    N2 - Although not perfect, skinfolds (SK), or the measurement of fat under the skin, remains the most popular and practical method available to assess body composition on a large scale (Kuczmarski, Flegal, Campbell, & Johnson, 1994). Even for practitioners who have been using SK for years and are highly proficient at locating the correct anatomical sites and pinching the skin, the question remains-how accurate are the results? Creation of new SK equations using Dual Energy X-Ray Absorptiometry (DXA) technology as the criterion have improved the estimation accuracy achieved by SK. Practitioners are asked to recognize that the equations currently recommended by the American College of Sports Medicine underestimate body fatness by about 3% in both men and women. New equations, developed using DXA as the criterion, are prompting fitness and health professionals to reinterpret the meaning of the percentage of body fat standards for their clients. In summary, the accuracy of various SK assessments are reviewed and various principles of application are presented for the practitioner.

    AB - Although not perfect, skinfolds (SK), or the measurement of fat under the skin, remains the most popular and practical method available to assess body composition on a large scale (Kuczmarski, Flegal, Campbell, & Johnson, 1994). Even for practitioners who have been using SK for years and are highly proficient at locating the correct anatomical sites and pinching the skin, the question remains-how accurate are the results? Creation of new SK equations using Dual Energy X-Ray Absorptiometry (DXA) technology as the criterion have improved the estimation accuracy achieved by SK. Practitioners are asked to recognize that the equations currently recommended by the American College of Sports Medicine underestimate body fatness by about 3% in both men and women. New equations, developed using DXA as the criterion, are prompting fitness and health professionals to reinterpret the meaning of the percentage of body fat standards for their clients. In summary, the accuracy of various SK assessments are reviewed and various principles of application are presented for the practitioner.

    KW - Anthropometry

    KW - Body composition

    KW - Body fat percentage

    KW - DXA

    KW - Hydrostatic weighing

    KW - Obesity

    UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/record.url?scp=33846580597&partnerID=8YFLogxK

    UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/citedby.url?scp=33846580597&partnerID=8YFLogxK

    U2 - 10.1207/s15327841mpee1004_3

    DO - 10.1207/s15327841mpee1004_3

    M3 - Article

    AN - SCOPUS:33846580597

    VL - 10

    SP - 255

    EP - 264

    JO - Measurement in Physical Education and Exercise Science

    JF - Measurement in Physical Education and Exercise Science

    SN - 1091-367X

    IS - 4

    ER -