Situational and historical determinants of self-reinforcement

Paul Karoly, Frederick H. Kanfer

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

7 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Magnitude of self-reinforcement (SR+) and self-punishment, (SR-) was investigated in a pseudoperceptual task as a function of both the pattern (variable or consistent) of previous external reinforcement and the direction of current, nonspecific feedback (e.g., "You're getting better" or "You're getting worse"). Working from a model which assumes SR to be based on an individual's discrimination of the discrepancy between current performance and a pre-set standard, it was hypothesized that a standard (50% accuracy) established under consistent prior performances would produce greater magnitude SR+ (with current increments in performance) and SR- (with current performance decrements) than would the identical standard derived from a variable prior pattern of reward. A trials effect was also expected. Results confirmed the hypotheses. Implications for behavior change via self-evaluative and self-reinforcement techniques are discussed.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)381-390
Number of pages10
JournalBehavior Therapy
Volume5
Issue number3
DOIs
StatePublished - 1974
Externally publishedYes

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Punishment
Reward
Reinforcement (Psychology)
Discrimination (Psychology)
Direction compound

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Psychology(all)
  • Clinical Psychology

Cite this

Situational and historical determinants of self-reinforcement. / Karoly, Paul; Kanfer, Frederick H.

In: Behavior Therapy, Vol. 5, No. 3, 1974, p. 381-390.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Karoly, Paul ; Kanfer, Frederick H. / Situational and historical determinants of self-reinforcement. In: Behavior Therapy. 1974 ; Vol. 5, No. 3. pp. 381-390.
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