Site-directed mutagenesis at the active site Trpl20 of Aspergillus awamori glucoamylase

Michael R. Sierks, Clark Ford, Peter J. Reilly, Birte Svensson

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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Abstract

Trpl20 of Aspergillus awamori glucoamylase has previously been shown by chemical modification to be essential for activity and tentatively to be located near subsite 4 of the active site. To further test its role, restriction sites were inserted in the cloned A.awamori gene around the Trpl20 coding region, and cassette mutagenesis was used to replace it with His, Leu, Phe and Tyr. All four mutants displayed 2% or less of the maximal activity (kcat) of wild-type glucoamylase towards maltose and maltoheptaose. MichaelLs constants (KM) of mutants decreased 2- to 3-fold for maltose and were essentially unchanged for maltoheptaose compared with the wild type, except for a > 3-fold decrease for maltoheptaose with the Trp120 - Tyr mutant. This mutant also bound isomaltose more strongly and had more selectivity for its hydrolysis than wild-type glucoamylase. A subsite map generated from malto-oligosaecharide substrates having 2 - 7 D-glucosyl residues indicated that subsites 1 and 2 had greater affinity for D-glucosyl residues in the Trp120 - Tyr mutant than in wild-type glucoamylase. These results suggest that Trpl20 from a distant subsite is crucial for the stabilization of the transition-state complex in subsites 1 and 2.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)621-625
Number of pages5
JournalProtein Engineering, Design and Selection
Volume2
Issue number8
DOIs
StatePublished - Aug 1 1989

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Keywords

  • Glucoamylase
  • Kinetics
  • Site-directed mutagenesis
  • Subsite mapping

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Biotechnology
  • Bioengineering
  • Biochemistry
  • Molecular Biology

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