Singlet-triplet interconversion of diphenylmethylene. Energetics, dynamics and reactivities of different spin states

K. B. Eisenthal, N. J. Turro, E. V. Sitzmann, I. R. Gould, G. Hefferon, J. Langan, Y. Cha

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Abstract

A combination of picosecond and nanosecond laser spectroscopy measurements, chemical quenching experiments and triplet sensitization experiments has allowed the determination of the rapid singlet to triplet and slower triplet to singlet intersystem crossing rates for diphenylmethylene in fluid solution at room temperature. It is shown that under the conditions of the kinetic measurements, singlet and triplet diphenylmethylene (1DPM and 3DPM, respectively) are in rapid equilibrium relative to reactions, so that knowledge of the values of kST and kTS allows determination of the equilibrium constant and change in free energy for the 1DPM 〈 3DPM process. The absolute reactivity of 1DPM toward a series of alcohols has been determined and is discussed in terms of other current investigations of carbene reactivity.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)1543-1554
Number of pages12
JournalTetrahedron
Volume41
Issue number8
DOIs
StatePublished - 1985

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ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Biochemistry
  • Drug Discovery
  • Organic Chemistry

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