Under completely-mixed batch-reactor conditions, bromate formation exhibits an exponential kinetic relationship that inversely mirrors the exponential loss of ozone. Bromate formation correlates linearly with ozone consumption; this relationship is defined as the bromate yield of a water. The magnitude of the bromate yields varies depending upon water quality characteristics and water treatment processes. Example applications of the bromate yield concept demonstrate techniques for understanding bromate formation mechanisms, evaluation of chemical bromate control options, and evaluation of bromate control strategies in larger-scale, continuous-flow, ozone contactors.
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Chemical Engineering(all)