Sibling influences on gender development in middle childhood and early adolescence: a longitudinal study.

S. M. McHale, K. A. Updegraff, H. Helms-Erikson, A. C. Crouter

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

80 Scopus citations

Abstract

The development of gender role qualities (attitudes, personality, leisure activities) from middle childhood to early adolescence was studied to determine whether siblings' gender role qualities predicted those of their sisters and brothers. Participants were 198 firstborn and second-born siblings (Ms = 10 years 9 months and 8 years 3 months, respectively, in Year 1) and their parents. Families were interviewed annually for 3 years. Firstborn siblings' qualities in Year 1 predicted second-born children's qualities in Year 3 when both parent and child qualities in Year 1 were controlled, a pattern consistent with a social learning model of sibling influence. Parental influence was more evident and sibling influence less evident in predicting firstborns' qualities; for firstborns, sibling influences suggested a de-identification process.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)115-125
Number of pages11
JournalDevelopmental psychology
Volume37
Issue number1
DOIs
StatePublished - Jan 2001
Externally publishedYes

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Demography
  • Developmental and Educational Psychology
  • Life-span and Life-course Studies

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